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Brain Imaging: Cocaine Effects & Medication Development - 5

2014-08-27 04:00:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to define temporal profile of brain activation (rCBF) using Xenon-SPECT and O 15-PET.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cocaine-Related Disorders

Intervention

Cocaine

Location

New York State Psychiatric Institute
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:15-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Disorders related or resulting from use of cocaine.

The purified, alkaloidal, extra-potent form of cocaine. It is smoked (free-based), injected intravenously, and orally ingested. Use of crack results in alterations in function of the cardiovascular system, the autonomic nervous system, the central nervous system, and the gastrointestinal system. The slang term "crack" was derived from the crackling sound made upon igniting of this form of cocaine for smoking.

An alkaloid ester extracted from the leaves of plants including coca. It is a local anesthetic and vasoconstrictor and is clinically used for that purpose, particularly in the eye, ear, nose, and throat. It also has powerful central nervous system effects similar to the amphetamines and is a drug of abuse. Cocaine, like amphetamines, acts by multiple mechanisms on brain catecholaminergic neurons; the mechanism of its reinforcing effects is thought to involve inhibition of dopamine uptake.

Any of several South American shrubs of the Erythroxylon genus (and family) that yield COCAINE; the leaves are chewed with alum for CNS stimulation.

Tricyclic anorexigenic agent unrelated to and less toxic than AMPHETAMINE, but with some similar side effects. It inhibits uptake of catecholamines and blocks the binding of cocaine to the dopamine uptake transporter.

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