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Effects of Dynorphin 1-13 on Heroin Addiction - 1

2014-08-27 04:00:15 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of IV dynorphin in humans during acute heroin abstinence, in order to determine that dynorphin suppresses acute opiate withdrawal, reduces opiate craving, and is safe at doses required to produce the above effects.

Description

Randomized double blinded study of the effects of a single IV dose of dynorphin A 1-13 on heroin withdrawal in human opiate addicts

Study Design

Control: Placebo Control, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Opioid-Related Disorders

Intervention

Dynorphin 1 - 13

Location

U of Minnesota School of Medicine
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55415

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:15-0400

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PubMed Articles [14426 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Contribution of Dynorphin and Orexin Neuropeptide Systems to the Motivational Effects of Alcohol.

Understanding the neural systems that drive alcohol motivation and are disrupted in alcohol use disorders is of critical importance in developing novel treatments. The dynorphin and orexin/hypocretin ...

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A class of opioid peptides including dynorphin A, dynorphin B, and smaller fragments of these peptides. Dynorphins prefer kappa-opioid receptors (RECEPTORS, OPIOID, KAPPA) and have been shown to play a role as central nervous system transmitters.

Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.

These disorders are related to both SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM AND RELATED DISORDERS and DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS in terms of symptomatology, family history, and genetics. (DSM-V) .

Disorders related to substance abuse, the side effects of a medication, toxin exposure, and ALCOHOL-RELATED DISORDERS.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

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