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The purpose of this study is to describe participants 6 months to <18 years of age with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in a prospective cohort in the United States (US) and Canada and identify predictors of disease activation and progression.
o To describe participants 6 months to <18 years of age with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in a prospective cohort in the United States (US) and Canada and identify predictors of disease activation and progression
- To describe clinical, virological, and immunological characteristics of participants with HBV in the US and Canada.
- To evaluate changes in HBV infection status and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels and factors associated with those changes.
- To verify whether a baseline HBsAg below 1,000 IU/mL and HBV DNA below 1,000 IU/mL is an accurate predictor of people who are, or who will become, inactive carriers, defined as people who are HBsAg positive, hepatitis B "e" antigen (HBeAg) negative, have normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and HBV DNA under 1,000 IU/mL on at least two occasions over a period of at least 6 months with HBV DNA under 1,000 IU/mL.
- To assess the health related quality of life (HRQOL) of treatment naïve hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive children and adolescents
- To develop a bank of biospecimens (e.g., serum, plasma, DNA, liver tissue) obtained from participants with HBV infection.
- To identify pediatric participants from 2 years to <18 years of age with chronic HBV infection for potential participation in treatment study to be conducted by the Hepatitis B Research Network (HBRN).
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
University of California San Francisco Medical Center
University of Pittsburgh
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:23-0400
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The purpose of this study is to determine if a hepatitis E vaccine is safe and able to prevent symptomatic liver disease due to the hepatitis E virus.
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INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans due to infection by VIRUSES. There are several significant types of human viral hepatitis with infection caused by enteric-transmission (HEPATITIS A; HEPATITIS E) or blood transfusion (HEPATITIS B; HEPATITIS C; and HEPATITIS D).
A family of hepatotropic DNA viruses which contains double-stranded DNA genomes and causes hepatitis in humans and animals. There are two genera: AVIHEPADNAVIRUS and ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS. Hepadnaviruses include HEPATITIS B VIRUS, duck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, DUCK), heron hepatitis B virus, ground squirrel hepatitis virus, and woodchuck hepatitis B virus (HEPATITIS B VIRUS, WOODCHUCK).
A species in the genus HEPATOVIRUS containing one serotype and two strains: HUMAN HEPATITIS A VIRUS and Simian hepatitis A virus causing hepatitis in humans (HEPATITIS A) and primates, respectively.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS DELTA VIRUS, a defective RNA virus that can only infect HEPATITIS B patients. For its viral coating, hepatitis delta virus requires the HEPATITIS B SURFACE ANTIGENS produced by these patients. Hepatitis D can occur either concomitantly with (coinfection) or subsequent to (superinfection) hepatitis B infection. Similar to hepatitis B, it is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.
INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by HEPATITIS C VIRUS, a single-stranded RNA virus. Its incubation period is 30-90 days. Hepatitis C is transmitted primarily by contaminated blood parenterally, and is often associated with transfusion and intravenous drug abuse. However, in a significant number of cases, the source of hepatitis C infection is unknown.
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