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Electrochemotherapy as a Palliative Treatment for Brain Metastases

2014-08-27 04:00:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Because electrochemotherapy is a quick and effective treatment for cutaneous metastases, a novel electrode device has been developed for treatment in soft tissue such as the brain. Up to 18 patients will be treated in this phase I dose-escalating study of electrochemotherapy for brain metastases. Primary endpoint of the clinical trial is safety and secondary endpoint is efficacy. One brain metastasis is treated once-only with the electrode device guided stereotactically through a burr hole using CT monitoring. The patient will be fully anesthetized during the treatment procedure. Patients are followed up for 6 months with regard to neurological function, Barthel Index, steroid use and adverse effects registration (CTCAE). Tumor response will be evaluated by Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI).

Description

Electrochemotherapy is a cancer treatment modality comprising of a combination of electrical pulses delivered by electrodes and chemotherapy supplied either intravenously or intratumorally. It is a quick and effective treatment for cutaneous metastases < 3 cm with a complete response rate of 73 % after once-only treatment. The available electrode devices have so far only been applicable for cutaneous tumors. An electrode has now been developed in collaboration with a medico-technical company. An increasing number of cancer patients suffer from metastases to the brain due to e.g. better control of the systemic peripheral cancer disease. The prognosis for patients with brain metastases remains poor and research into new treatments are needed in this field.

Up to 18 patients will be treated in a dose-escalating study of electrochemotherapy for brain metastases. Primary endpoint of the clinical trial is safety and secondary endpoint is efficacy. One brain metastasis is treated once-only with the electrode device guided stereotactically through a burr hole using CT monitoring. The patient will be fully anesthetized during the treatment procedure. Patients are followed up for 6 months with regard to neurological function, Barthel Index, steroid use and adverse effects registration (CTCAE). Tumor response will be evaluated by Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI).

The first 6 patients will receive an intravenous dose of bleomycin 15.000 IE/m2 before electric pulses. The following patients will receive an additional intratumoral injection of bleomycin of increasing concentration. The electrical pulses will consist of a series of high voltage pulses of 0.1 millisecond duration.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Brain Metastases

Intervention

The Electroporation System, Bleomycin

Location

Rigshospitalet
Copenhagen
Denmark
2100

Status

Terminated

Source

Copenhagen University Hospital at Herlev

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A complex of related glycopeptide antibiotics from Streptomyces verticillus consisting of bleomycin A2 and B2. It inhibits DNA metabolism and is used as an antineoplastic, especially for solid tumors.

The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

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Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.

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