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Different strategies of tourniquet application during elective primary total knee arthroplasty are thought to be associated with different outcomes. In that context, the study investigates different tactics in the search of optimal application of the tourniquet and the related fluid management during 24 perioperative hours.
The optimal application of tourniquet should reduce perioperative blood loss, create bloodless operative field, improve cementing technique and shorten surgery time. Meanwhile, inadequate application may increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism. Previous attempts to compare the tourniquet strategies in respect to the perioperative blood loss did not show significant difference. The investigators use the volume loading test aiming to optimize the fluid status and obtain the hemoglobin concentration in the conditions of standardized plasma dilution. The test is deployed just before the surgery and after postoperative 24 hrs in ICU. Functional outcomes and possible length of hospital stay is also evaluated.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Total knee arthroplasty performed under tourniquet
Republic Vilnius University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:24-0400
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Replacement of the knee joint.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
An instrument used to assess the results of rehabilitation from knee injuries, especially those requiring ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION. It measures recovery of knee joint function based on ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
A region of the lower extremity immediately surrounding and including the KNEE JOINT.
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...