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Use of intravenous lidocaine as a coadjuvant agent during general anesthesia has increased. Lidocaine infusion during and after abdominal surgery decreases postoperative pain and reduces ileus duration, reducing patient´s hospital stay and opioid consumption. Intravenous lidocaine´s effect on other intravenous anesthetics is unclear, and there are no present studies evaluating its interaction on hypnotic anesthetic requirements when using a BIS (Bispectral Index) monitor to maintain an adequate depth of anesthesia. We therefore decided to conduct a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the interaction of systemic lidocaine infusion, initiated and maintained during surgery, on propofol requirements and anesthetic depth as measured by BIS.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Intravenous Anesthetic Interaction "Unrecognized Condition"
Intravenous lidocaine infusion, Placebo (0.9% saline infusion), Propofol 1% (intravenous infusion), Placement of arterial line
Hospital Clínico Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:24-0400
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An intravenous anesthetic agent which has the advantage of a very rapid onset after infusion or bolus injection plus a very short recovery period of a couple of minutes. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1992, 1st ed, p206). Propofol has been used as ANTICONVULSANTS and ANTIEMETICS.
Fluid propulsion systems driven mechanically, electrically, or osmotically that are used to inject (or infuse) over time agents into a patient or experimental animal; used routinely in hospitals to maintain a patent intravenous line, to administer antineoplastic agents and other drugs in thromboembolism, heart disease, diabetes mellitus (INSULIN INFUSION SYSTEMS is also available), and other disorders.
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
An imidazole antifungal agent that is used topically and by intravenous infusion.
A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...