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Dalfampridine is a new medication that was FDA approved in 2010 to improve walking speed in people with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). People with MS walk slowly in part because MS damages the myelin insulation around nerves which slows conduction of messages from the brain to the leg muscles. Dalfampridine works by improving conduction in nerves with damaged myelin. Recent research indicates that imbalance in MS is in large part caused by poor conduction by the nerves that transmit information about the position of the legs to the brain. It is therefore likely that, by improving nerve conduction, dalfampridine will also improve imbalance in people with MS. Dalfampridine will be administered in this study by the same route (oral), dosage (10mg), and frequency (every 12 hours) approved by the FDA to improve walking speed in people with MS. The proposed pilot study will examine the effects of dalfampridine on imbalance in 24 subjects with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and imbalance. This small pilot study will help to show if dalfampridine improves imbalance in MS and will guide the design and implementation of a larger full scale study to definitively determine if dalfampridine improves balance and prevents falls in people with MS.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Oregon Health and Science University
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Oregon Health and Science University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:29-0400
This study evaluates the effects of sustained-release oral dalfampridine in the treatment of upper limb deficits in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). In this double-blind randomized pil...
In this protocol the investigators will test the effect of dalfampridine (a potassium channel blocker) on genioglossus muscle activity (EMG GG) during wakefulness and sleep in healthy cont...
The objective of this study is to determine the effect of two dose strengths of dalfampridine-Extended Release (ER) tablets, taken twice daily for 12 weeks, on stable walking deficits in s...
Multiple sclerosis is often associated with pain. There is no standard treatment of this type of pain. Levetiracetam is a new anticonvulsant and it is the hypothesis that it could relieve ...
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of single ascending doses, as well as of repeated administrations of GNbAC1 in MS patients. Scientific research has show...
Cognitive problems are difficult to identify in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
In the current study, we aimed to identify nanocurcumin effects on microRNAs (miRNAs) in the peripheral blood of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). We intended to investigate...
Purpose/aim: To evaluate the efficacy of tetrahydrocannabinol [THC]:cannabidiol [CBD] oromucosal spray (Sativex®) as add-on therapy to optimized standard antispasticity treatment in patients with mod...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex disease resulting from the joint effect of many genes. It has been speculated that rare variants might explain part of the missing heritability of MS.
The multiple sclerosis (MS) prodrome is poorly characterized.
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
Pharmacy is the science and technique of preparing as well as dispensing drugs and medicines. It is a health profession that links health sciences with chemical sciences and aims to ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs. The scope of...