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The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to evaluate the interaction of intravenous fluid therapy during otorhinolaryngological surgery, on postoperative vomiting. The hypothesis is that perioperative supplemental intravenous fluid administration reduces the incidence of postoperative vomiting.
Postoperative vomiting is a common complication on pediatric surgery, especially otorhinolaryngological surgery. Is one of the main reasons of prolonged hospital stay, and also a cause of patient´s discomfort and an increase on hospitalization cost.
There are studies in adults with inconclusive results related to supplemental fluid therapy and decrease of postoperative nausea and vomiting. But, in recent years a study in children showed favorable results in strabismus surgery. The foundation of this study consist in that hypovolemia may possibly cause a decrease in perfusion causing intestinal hypoxia, which in turn increase the incidence of nausea and vomiting. The objective of this study is to observe the effect of supplemental fluid therapy on postoperative vomiting on otorhinolaryngological surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Intraoperative lactated Ringer's solution
Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T22:00:37-0400
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Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.
Emesis and queasiness occurring after anesthesia.
A histamine H1 antagonist given by mouth or parenterally for the control of postoperative and drug-induced vomiting and in motion sickness. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p935)
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...