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Effect of Intravenous Fluid Therapy on Postoperative Vomiting in Children Undergoing Otorhinolaryngological Surgery

2014-07-23 22:00:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this randomized clinical trial is to evaluate the interaction of intravenous fluid therapy during otorhinolaryngological surgery, on postoperative vomiting. The hypothesis is that perioperative supplemental intravenous fluid administration reduces the incidence of postoperative vomiting.

Description

Postoperative vomiting is a common complication on pediatric surgery, especially otorhinolaryngological surgery. Is one of the main reasons of prolonged hospital stay, and also a cause of patient´s discomfort and an increase on hospitalization cost.

There are studies in adults with inconclusive results related to supplemental fluid therapy and decrease of postoperative nausea and vomiting. But, in recent years a study in children showed favorable results in strabismus surgery. The foundation of this study consist in that hypovolemia may possibly cause a decrease in perfusion causing intestinal hypoxia, which in turn increase the incidence of nausea and vomiting. The objective of this study is to observe the effect of supplemental fluid therapy on postoperative vomiting on otorhinolaryngological surgery.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Postoperative Vomiting

Intervention

Intraoperative lactated Ringer's solution

Location

Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica
Santiago
Region Metropolitana
Chile

Status

Completed

Source

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T22:00:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abdominal symptoms after removal of the GALLBLADDER. The common postoperative symptoms are often the same as those present before the operation, such as COLIC, bloating, NAUSEA, and VOMITING. There is pain on palpation of the right upper quadrant and sometimes JAUNDICE. The term is often used, inaccurately, to describe such postoperative symptoms not due to gallbladder removal.

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A histamine H1 antagonist given by mouth or parenterally for the control of postoperative and drug-induced vomiting and in motion sickness. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p935)

Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).

A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent with potent analgesic and antiarthritic properties. It has been shown to be effective in the treatment of OSTEOARTHRITIS; RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS; ankylosing SPONDYLITIS; and in the alleviation of postoperative pain (PAIN, POSTOPERATIVE).

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