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Effects of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Object Recognition

2014-08-27 04:00:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Background:

- The brain has natural rhythms called brain waves. An electroencephalogram (EEG) can record these rhythms. When people identify the picture of a familiar object shown on a computer screen, the communication between certain regions of the brain increases. An EEG can detect these communication brain waves. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can affect these brain waves by slightly changing the brain s rhythms. Researchers want to see if changing brain rhythms with TMS interferes with the ability to identify pictures of familiar objects. This study will provide more information about how TMS can affect brain waves and behavior.

Objectives:

- To see if TMS can interfere with the brain s ability to identify pictures of familiar objects.

Eligibility:

- Healthy volunteers between 18 and 70 years of age.

Design:

- This study requires two visits to the clinical center. The first visit will last about 2 hours. The second visit will last about 4 hours.

- Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history.

- At the first visit, participants will have an object recognition test. Participants will look at pictures of several objects on a computer screen. They will then have to state whether the objects they see on the screen are familiar. The object recognition test will be done along with TMS.

- At the second visit, participants will have an EEG while taking the object recognition test. Brain waves will be monitored during the test. They will then repeat the test while having repetitive TMS to study its effect on object recognition. The participants will then take the object recognition test alone for a final time. This will make sure that TMS effects (if any) on the ability to identify familiar object images are no longer present.

Description

Inter-hemispheric coherence (IHC) is one of the electroencephalography (EEG) parameters that measures synchronization of oscillations originating from brain regions of different hemispheres and thereby the functional connectivity between them. We know that object discrimination is associated with transient increase in IHC. In this study we will interfere with the transient IHC that is associated with midline object discrimination by using rhythmic repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS).

We will study the effects of entrainment by unilateral or bilateral, synchronous or asynchronous TMS pulses on behavior. The goal of the study is to determine if entrainment by TMS will affect task performance. If the results show that TMS by entrainment influenced behavior, then we can expect TMS to be a useful technique to explore the behavioral impact of specific neuronal oscillations under physiological as well as pathological conditions. Further, TMS could also find applications in rehabilitation or treatment of behavioral symptoms in patients with neuropsychiatric diseases.

STUDY POPULATION:

We intend to study 11 adult healthy volunteers on an outpatient basis.

STUDY DESIGN:

All the subjects will first participate in a screening session where the threshold TMS intensity for blocking object discrimination and the optimal coil orientation will be determined using single pulse TMS. Later they will attend the main experiment session where they will be asked to perform the object discrimination task in four blocks, of which the second, third and fourth will be in random order. During the first block, the individual coherence frequency will be determined by recording EEG during the task. During the second, third and fourth blocks, the subjects will receive either unilateral, bilateral or sham rTMS in a random order. Short trains of 7 TMS pulses will be delivered during each trial. TMS pulses will be administered over TP7 and/or TP8 at 80% of threshold intensity blocking object discrimination.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

We expect that short trains of TMS will affect IHC depending on whether the pulses are synchronous or asynchronous. By modulating IHC, we expect changes in object discrimination task performance. The primary outcome measure in this study includes object discrimination task performance. During the study, we will also compute the individual frequency at which maximum coherence occurs and the threshold intensity and optimal coil direction for blocking object discrimination.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Conditions

Repetitive TMS (rTMS)

Intervention

Sham rTMS, Bilateral rTMS at same frequency and in phase, Bilateral rTMS at different frequencies, Bilateral rTMSat same frequency and out of phase, rTMS over TP8, rTMS over TP7

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:37-0400

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