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The purpose of this study is to see if offering a general health screening tailored towards high-risk groups (African immigrants, injection drug users (IDUs), and minority men who have sex with men (MSM)) will increase human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing, counseling, and linkage acceptance rates in community pharmacies.
About one-fifth of HIV-positive people in the United States remain unaware of their HIV status, and these individuals account for the majority of new transmissions. The preponderance of barriers to HIV has delayed diagnoses and treatment for HIV-infected individuals in the US, and such late diagnoses result in poorer outcomes for HIV-infected individuals and increased cost of medical care. The National HIV/AIDS Strategy for the United States has called for expanded HIV testing, but if the investigators simply replicate existing models, the investigators will continue to fail to reach and engage strategic at-risk populations. Project Building Bridges will use a community setting - the pharmacy - to establish an alternative site for HIV testing to engage large numbers of at risk populations, specifically men who have sex with men (MSM) of color, injection drug users (IDU), and African immigrants; increase HIV awareness, and reduce stigma by placing HIV testing in the context of a general health screening. There are two specific aims: 1) Build partnerships with community stakeholders to understand current barriers to HIV testing, and 2) Determine the effectiveness of a health screening approach by measuring acceptance of HIV testing. In the qualitative research phase, we will conduct focus group discussions of MSM of color, IDUs, and African immigrants, led by the Latino Commission on AIDS, a community-based organization with extensive experience in cultural competency training and utilizations of community social networks, especially with higher risk minority populations, to obtain insights that will help increase participation in HIV testing. Data obtained through qualitative work will guide the development of the "health screening" model, which would include other screening tests (like sugar, blood pressure, hepatitis C, etc) with an HIV test, depending on what the high risk groups preferred in the wellness bundle. The hypothesis is that, by tailoring the health screens, this bundling model will circumvent the stigma associated with HIV testing in these high-risk populations and increase HIV testing acceptance rates. The investigators will conduct a two-group randomized control trial comparing the "health screening" model (intervention) to an HIV test offer (control) in community pharmacies in the Bronx. The trial will help determine the preliminary impact on the acceptance of HIV testing when coupled with an overall health wellness screen. The investigators will also conduct a secondary analysis on HIV testing acceptance rates based on each high-risk groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Prevention
HIV Counseling and Testing
HIV Test Offer, General Health Screen Offer
Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Not yet recruiting
North Bronx Healthcare Network
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:37-0400
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Schools which offer training in the area of health.
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Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...