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This study is being done to determine whether or not new blood test(s) can determine the severity of heart conditions. Aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, mitral regurgitation, aortic regurgitation, artificial heart valve regurgitation or stenosis, and tricuspid valve regurgitation associated with pacemaker leads are the cardiac disorders under study. The blood tests involve analysis for von Willebrand Factor antigen and activity, von Willebrand Factor multimers, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels. The results of the blood tests will be compared to the information from the clinically-indicated echocardiogram and one blood test compared to another.
Patients with aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, mitral regurgitation, aortic regurgitation, artificial heart valve regurgitation or stenosis, and tricuspid valve regurgitation associated with pacemaker leads who are referred for clinically-indicated echocardiographic exams at Mayo Clinic, in Jacksonville, Florida will be screened for participation in the study. The plan is to have 292 people take part in this study. This minimal risk study will consist of the recording of patient data, activity and bleeding questionnaires, and collection and analysis of blood samples. Each blood sample will be analyzed for von Willebrand Factor antigen and activity, and von Willebrand Factor multimers, and BNP. Blood samples will be sent to the Mayo Special Coagulation Lab for analysis.
This study seeks to assess the degree of association of the von Willebrand Factor activity indices and BNP to the severity of cardiac lesions, and to note a relationship between acquired bleeding the the hematologic abnormalities. Plasma will be stored in attempt to develop new in vitro tests of von Willebrand factor (VWF) activity.
Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective
Blood Draw, Blood draw
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:40-0400
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The techniques used to draw blood from a vein for diagnostic purposes or for treatment of certain blood disorders such as erythrocytosis, hemochromatosis, polycythemia vera, and porphyria cutanea tarda.
The application of LEECHES to the body to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Such medicinal leeching, an ancient medical practice, is still being used in microsurgery and the treatment of venous congestion or occlusion.
Puncture of a vein to draw blood for therapeutic purposes. Bloodletting therapy has been used in Talmudic and Indian medicine since the medieval time, and was still practiced widely in the 18th and 19th centuries. Its modern counterpart is PHLEBOTOMY.
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
The ratio of maximum blood flow to the MYOCARDIUM with CORONARY STENOSIS present, to the maximum equivalent blood flow without stenosis. The measurement is commonly used to verify borderline stenosis of CORONARY ARTERIES.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
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