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The main objective is to evaluate the interest of cerebro-splanchnic oxygenation ratio (CSOR) for early diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonates with rectal bleeding and/or abdominal distension. CSOR will be determined using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS).
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Cerebral and splanchnic ear infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and mesenteric Doppler
University Hospital of Montpellier
University Hospital, Montpellier
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:41-0400
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common problem in the neonatal intensive care unit and can be secondary to prematurity or congenital heart disease (CHD). PDA is the most common cardiov...
Antenatal absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (AREDF) velocity through the umbilical arteries places preterm infants at significant risk for developing gastrointestinal complications, su...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether cerebral blood flow and cerebral tissue oxygenation is most dependent on cardiac output or on mean arterial pressure in patients undergoin...
Cerebral autoregulation can be explained by a tight coupling between oxygen supply and demand of the brain, and is essential to maintain a constant cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the context...
Near infrared spectroscopy is a valuable tool to monitor cerebral oxygenation during intracranial interventions. However, it yields artificial results when the dye indocyanine green (ICG) ...
Abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (aNIRS) may detect gastrointestinal hypoxia before necrotizing enterocolitis develops. We sought to validate aNIRS during splanchnic hypoxia and hypoperfusion in n...
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) derived hemoglobin difference (HbD: oxygenated [HbO2] - reduced hemoglobin [Hb]) and/or total hemoglobin (HbT: HbO2+Hb) have been used as surrogate measures of cerebr...
To detect cerebral autoregulation in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and to assess its association with delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI).
Our aim was to assess cerebral blood flow changes during cybersickness. Transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) were used separately in two independent experiments....
Despite extensive research and improvements in the field of neonatal care, the morbidity and mortality associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) have remained unchanged over the past three decad...
The major nerves supplying sympathetic innervation to the abdomen. The greater, lesser, and lowest (or smallest) splanchnic nerves are formed by preganglionic fibers from the spinal cord which pass through the paravertebral ganglia and then to the celiac ganglia and plexuses. The lumbar splanchnic nerves carry fibers which pass through the lumbar paravertebral ganglia to the mesenteric and hypogastric ganglia.
A noninvasive technique that uses the differential absorption properties of hemoglobin and myoglobin to evaluate tissue oxygenation and indirectly can measure regional hemodynamics and blood flow. Near-infrared light (NIR) can propagate through tissues and at particular wavelengths is differentially absorbed by oxygenated vs. deoxygenated forms of hemoglobin and myoglobin. Illumination of intact tissue with NIR allows qualitative assessment of changes in the tissue concentration of these molecules. The analysis is also used to determine body composition.
Ischemic tissue injury produced by insufficient perfusion of intestinal tissue by the MESENTERIC CIRCULATION (i.e., CELIAC ARTERY; SUPERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY; INFERERIOR MESENTERIC ARTERY; and MESENTERIC VEINS). It can progress from ISCHEMIA; EDEMA; and GANGRENE of the bowel wall to PERITONITIS and cardiovascular collapse.
A spectroscopic technique in which a range of wavelengths is presented simultaneously with an interferometer and the spectrum is mathematically derived from the pattern thus obtained.
A non-invasive technique using ultrasound for the measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics, particularly cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebral collateral flow. With a high-intensity, low-frequency pulse probe, the intracranial arteries may be studied transtemporally, transorbitally, or from below the foramen magnum.