Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Pepper sprays and pepper gas grenades are used by riot police at various places in the world for crowd control. Data about the acute effects based on human studies is extremely scarce. Kashmir valley in the northern Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir has witnessed political turmoil for the past 22 years and incidents of stone pelting are common wherein groups of youth indulge in stone pelting at the security personnel. While there have been previous episodes of fatalities associated with incidents of firing by the security personnel; non lethal methods are adopted routinely now. These include lathis, water cannons, tear gas and more recently the pepper gas grenades. The pepper grenades explode in the area and the adverse effects are perceived by the population in the area too who are even sitting in their homes. The study proposes to observe the health effects of the pepper gas exposure in non-combatant civilians.
History of exposure to a pepper grenade explosion.
Participation in combat operation/ stone pelting/ demonstration.
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
SheriKashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
Jammu & Kashmir
Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:43-0400
To determine whether contraction abnormalities in the esophagus plays a role in gastroesophageal reflux induced cough, and thus cough severity in patients with chronic cough.
Cough is a life saving reflex, therefore it is important, especially in pediatrics, to calm cough spells without sedating the reflex. The intent of this study is to use a protective syrup ...
This study is being done to find out why some people with mucus dripping down the back of their throat have a nagging cough while others do not cough.
This is a double-blind, randomized, 2 period, crossover study in up to 36 healthy and chronic cough subjects.
This study aims to assess the presence and the intensity of voluntary and cough reflex in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), comparing the results with the healthy control ...
Asthmatic cough is often refractory to standard treatments such as inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β2 agonists (ICS/LABA). Tiotropium may modulate cough reflex sensitivity of acute viral coug...
The objective assessment of cough frequency is essential for evaluation of cough and antitussive therapies. Nonetheless, available algorithms for automatic detection of cough sound have limited sensit...
Cough is a physiological reflex to protect airways against aspiration, but also it is one of the most frequent problems that lead patients to seek medical care. Chronic cough is more prevalent in the ...
Citric acid has been used for over six decades to induce cough; however the mechanism of its pro-tussive effect is still not fully understood. We assessed the response to inhalation of citric acid at ...
Cough is a common problem among cancer patients, especially lung cancer patients. Gabapentin has been shown to be effective in reducing cough number and severity in patients with idiopathic refractory...
Agents that suppress cough. They act centrally on the medullary cough center. EXPECTORANTS, also used in the treatment of cough, act locally.
A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)
An expectorant that also has some muscle relaxing action. It is used in many cough preparations.
Narcotic analgesic related to CODEINE, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
Histamine H1 antagonist used in allergic rhinitis; ASTHMA; and URTICARIA. It is a component of COUGH and COLD medicines. It may cause drowsiness.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...