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Carnosine is a naturally occurring compound with a potential health benefits. In animal studies, carnosine supplementation reduces manifestation of chronic civilization diseases, regulates subclinical inflammation, protein glycation and lipid & glucose metabolism. Our preliminary data showed the relationship between insulin resistance and carnosine content in human skeletal muscle. Based on these unique results we plan to perform intervention study aimed at identifying effects of carnosine on insulin sensitivity and secretion, which might reduce the development of T2D in obese. Similar metabolic effects of vitamin D3 were associated with expression of specific miRNAs. Circulating miRNAs related to carnosine action are unknown. The putative positive effects of carnosine on insulin sensitivity and secretion in obese patients might have a tremendous impact in prevention of type 2 diabetes. Identification of miRNAs associated with carnosine action could provide predictors of successful therapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Metabolic Diseases, Type 2 Diabetes, Cardiovascular Disease
Institute of Experimental Endocrinology Slovak Academy of Sciences
Slovak Academy of Sciences
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:49-0400
Carnosine is a naturally occurring peptide found in high levels in skeletal muscle and the brain and is also available commercially as a dietary supplement. Since carnosine has anti-oxidan...
The investigators hypothesise that carnosine supplementation will improve: 1. glycaemic control 2. cardiovascular risk factors 3. cognitive outcomes in patients with ...
To investigate the prevalence and incidence rates of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality in people with Type 1 diabetes of long duration.
The aim of this study is to determine whether carnosine supplementation in overweight/obese individuals can improve insulin secretion and/or insulin resistance by decreasing sub clinical i...
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A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
A cluster of symptoms that are risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome include ABDOMINAL OBESITY; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research for a national program in diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolic diseases; digestive diseases and nutrition; and kidney, urologic, and hematologic diseases. It was established in 1948.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
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