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Trial of Superiority of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Patients With Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 04:00:50 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The previous reported phase I study allows us to prospectively define the optimal total dose in different metastatic locations (88). However, several questions are still unanswered such as the adequate timing of the stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) in oligometastatic disease. Indeed, there are two different oligometastatic states: "de novo", i.e. occurring at first metastatic presentation without any previous systemic therapy; and "secondary", defined as residual disease after systemic treatment.

The investigators wish to prospectively study the role of metastases SBRT with curative intent in de novo oligometastatic disease.

This clinical trial would be the first randomized study studying SBRT at onset of the metastatic disease. If this trial shows a PFS improvement, it will definitively change the standard of treatment and it will highlight SBRT as a key treatment of metastatic disease. It will confirm the oligometastasis hypothesis as well as the Simon Norton hypothesis (92).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

stereotactic body radiation therapy, Systemic treatment

Location

Gustave Roussy Cancer Campus Grand Paris
Villejuif
Val de Marne
France
94805

Status

Recruiting

Source

Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T04:00:50-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Irradiation of one half or both halves of the body in the treatment of disseminated cancer or widespread metastases. It is used to treat diffuse metastases in one session as opposed to multiple fields over an extended period. The more frequent treatment modalities are upper hemibody irradiation (UHBI) or lower hemibody irradiation (LHBI). Less common is mid-body irradiation (MBI). In the treatment of both halves of the body sequentially, hemibody irradiation permits radiotherapy of the whole body with larger doses of radiation than could be accomplished with WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION. It is sometimes called "systemic" hemibody irradiation with reference to its use in widespread cancer or metastases. (P. Rubin et al. Cancer, Vol 55, p2210, 1985)

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

A radiological stereotactic technique developed for cutting or destroying tissue by high doses of radiation in place of surgical incisions. It was originally developed for neurosurgery on structures in the brain and its use gradually spread to radiation surgery on extracranial structures as well. The usual rigid needles or probes of stereotactic surgery are replaced with beams of ionizing radiation directed toward a target so as to achieve local tissue destruction.

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