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Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-09-18T14:20:41-0400
This research compares the benefits of the original treatment, Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT), with the Treatment Entry Training (TEnT) component of CRAFT to determine...
The study assesses whether adding a behavioral intervention, known as the Adolescent Community Reinforcement Approach (A-CRA), to the treatment of individuals already receiving buprenorphi...
It is important to address the substantial substance-related health disparities of American Indians (AI). This project aims to examine the effectiveness of a culturally tailored Community ...
The aim of this study is to determine whether a group format Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) and Self-Directed CRAFT Delivery are more effective than non-intervention i...
The purpose of the study is to evaluate a sustainable and broadly accessible treatment delivery model (Motiv8) for smoking cessation based on abstinence-reinforcement.
An evidence-based measure of implementation (EBMI) is an implementation outcome measure shown to have predictive validity with one or more future-measured constructs of importance. The current study s...
The concept of reinforcement value summarizes the effect of different variables, such as reinforcement delay, reinforcement magnitude, and deprivation level, on behavior. In the present set of experim...
Community-level group participation is a structural aspect of social capital that may have a contextual influence on an individual's health. Herein, we sought to investigate a contextual relationship ...
It has been proposed that the sensorimotor system uses a loss (cost) function to evaluate potential movements in the presence of random noise. Here we test this idea in the context of both error-based...
This essay is a critical reappraisal of the idea of ontogenetic selection by reinforcement, according to which learning, specifically conditioning, in the individual animal is deeply analogous to phyl...
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
Use of word stimulus to strengthen a response during learning.
A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.