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Every month the VA becomes aware of approximately 1,100 veterans in VA care who attempt suicide. While the VA has implemented a comprehensive, multifaceted suicide prevention approach, it has yet to implement nationally any evidence-based psychotherapies targeting suicide, a gap due largely to the dearth of evidence-based therapies for suicide. Primary aims of this proposal are to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing an adaptation of a cognitive-behavioral intervention, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), for veterans on the VA's High Risk for Suicide List. Our adapted version of MBCT for suicide (MBCT-S) integrates mindfulness meditation techniques with standard cognitive therapy into a low-intensity group therapy format and builds on the VA Safety Plan to enhance patients' awareness of suicide triggers and appropriate coping strategies. This study has the potential to increase the range of cost effective treatment alternatives for the large number of suicidal veterans for whom evidence-based therapies are severely limited.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide, Treatment as usual
Lyons Campus of the VA New Jersey Health Care System, Lyons, NJ
Enrolling by invitation
Department of Veterans Affairs
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-09-25T15:08:23-0400
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Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
The act of killing oneself.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.
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