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Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Prevention

2014-09-25 15:08:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test a psychotherapeutic intervention that integrates cognitive therapy and mindfulness meditation techniques to prevent suicide in military veterans.

Description

Every month the VA becomes aware of approximately 1,100 veterans in VA care who attempt suicide. While the VA has implemented a comprehensive, multifaceted suicide prevention approach, it has yet to implement nationally any evidence-based psychotherapies targeting suicide, a gap due largely to the dearth of evidence-based therapies for suicide. Primary aims of this proposal are to conduct a randomized controlled trial testing an adaptation of a cognitive-behavioral intervention, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT), for veterans on the VA's High Risk for Suicide List. Our adapted version of MBCT for suicide (MBCT-S) integrates mindfulness meditation techniques with standard cognitive therapy into a low-intensity group therapy format and builds on the VA Safety Plan to enhance patients' awareness of suicide triggers and appropriate coping strategies. This study has the potential to increase the range of cost effective treatment alternatives for the large number of suicidal veterans for whom evidence-based therapies are severely limited.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Suicide

Intervention

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide, Treatment as usual

Location

Lyons Campus of the VA New Jersey Health Care System, Lyons, NJ
Lyons
New Jersey
United States
07939

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Department of Veterans Affairs

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-09-25T15:08:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.

The act of killing oneself.

The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.

A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.

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