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Integrating Nutrition Education & Household Food Production for Child Nutrition

2014-09-29 15:57:09 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In Ethiopia, a child-centered counseling approach is hypothesized to be more effective than the current nutrition and health education when investment on home-based food production is used as a platform for nutrition education. This project is proposed to evaluate the efficacy of a food-based package integrating child-centered nutrition counseling and home-based food production using a between-group comparative intervention study. The intervention comprises child-centered nutrition counseling for caretakers and support for 'developed' gardens and improved backyard poultry production.

Description

Growth faltering among Ethiopian infants and young children is one of the highest in sub-Saharan Africa. Nutrition education on infant and young child feeding has shown good potential to improve growth of young children whenever it is accessible, context-based and integrated with locally available resources. The current nutrition education in Ethiopia, however, appears to be general and lacks the essential components for success. It is mainly didactic and lacks a motivational approach that can enhance the self-efficacy of mothers for behavior change. Another important barrier for nutrition education to become effective is that rural mothers have limited access to nutrient-dense foods that are recommended to be fed to young children. Therefore, it is expected that low food access by poor households together with the less motivational approach used may hamper the effectiveness of the current nutrition education in the country. In Ethiopia, a child-centered counseling approach is hypothesized to be more effective than the current nutrition and health education when investment on home-based food production is used as a platform for nutrition education. This project is proposed to evaluate the efficacy of a food-based package integrating child-centered nutrition counseling and home-based food production using a between-group comparative intervention study. The intervention comprises child-centered nutrition counseling for caretakers and support for 'developed' gardens and improved backyard poultry production; whereas the control will only receive the agriculture extension and the existing health and nutrition education in the area. Two Primary Healthcare Units (one intervention and one control group) will be selected from Jimma Zone using relevant criteria. A total of 404 (i.e. 202 in each of intervention and control areas) households with infants of age < 12 months will participate in the study for 18 months. The efficacy of the intervention will be assessed by its effect on child growth and infant and child feeding index as primary outcomes. Besides the effect on dietary adequacy and growth, the project aims at evaluating the interactive processes in a longitudinal way to provide evidence on the possible success factors and barriers encountered. Therefore, secondary outcomes include household production, income and expenditure in relation to the home-based food production; diet diversity; feeding and care practices, and morbidity. Data will be compared between intervention and control groups using linear mixed-effects models and generalized linear models.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Behavior

Intervention

Child Centered Nutrition Counseling, no intervention

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Jimma University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-09-29T15:57:09-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

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The training or bringing-up of children by parents or parent-substitutes. It is used also for child rearing practices in different societies, at different economic levels, in different ethnic groups, etc. It differs from PARENTING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the child and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.

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