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tRNS Over Fronto-temporal Cortex Improves Verbal Fluency and Empathy in Autism Children

2014-09-30 16:38:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Interventional, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled and parallel assignment study, in which patients with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are two types of intervention by transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS), to improve verbal fluency and empathy.

Description

Interventional, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled and parallel assignment study, in which patients receive three types of intervention tRNS: one group received 35 sessions focused on the fronto-temporal cortex, another group received 35 sessions focused on the temporal fusiform cortex and last placebo group was operated with 35 sessions tRNS. After brain noninvasive stimulation sessions, a blind analysis of the improvement in verbal fluency and empathy in patients with autism spectrum disorder is made. For each patient included a follow up period of three months will be established.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Autism

Intervention

tRNS Fronto-temporal cortex, tRNS over fusiform temporal cortex, tRNS with sham

Location

General Elche Hospital
Elche
Alicante
Spain
03203

Status

Recruiting

Source

Spanish Foundation for Neurometrics Development

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-09-30T16:38:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).

The inability to recognize a familiar face or to learn to recognize new faces. This visual agnosia is most often associated with lesions involving the junctional regions between the temporal and occipital lobes. The majority of cases are associated with bilateral lesions, however unilateral damage to the right occipito-temporal cortex has also been associated with this condition. (From Cortex 1995 Jun;31(2):317-29)

An area in the temporal lobe that is important for memory encoding and retrieval. It is bordered caudally by the parahippocampal cortex (see HIPPOCAMPUS) and ventrally and medially by the ENTORHINAL CORTEX.

A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. A wide variety of psychic phenomena may be associated, including illusions, hallucinations, dyscognitive states, and affective experiences. The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p321)

The compartment containing the anterior extremities and half the inferior surface of the temporal lobes (TEMPORAL LOBE) of the cerebral hemispheres. Lying posterior and inferior to the anterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, ANTERIOR), it is formed by part of the TEMPORAL BONE and SPHENOID BONE. It is separated from the posterior cranial fossa (CRANIAL FOSSA, POSTERIOR) by crests formed by the superior borders of the petrous parts of the temporal bones.

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