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Navigating the Challenges of Chronic Kidney Disease

2014-10-27 22:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The study's purpose is to address the challenges of providing stage-appropriate chronic kidney disease (CKD) education and care by developing innovative programs using a CKD Patient Navigator system and an EHR (electronic health record)-based enhanced electronic communication system specific for a CKD patient and her/his physicians/caregivers. The investigators plan a randomized controlled trial of these innovations to examine the utility and effectiveness of these special interventions.

The investigators' CKD registry aids in identifying patients for recruitment for the randomized control trial. Patients are randomized into one of four groups. The four groups are: 1) the control group using MyChart; 2) an enhanced personal health record (PHR) included in MyChart consisting of 35 websites chosen to disseminate CKD stage-specific goals of care and CKD education; 3) the patient navigator, a lay professional trained in the specifics of chronic kidney disease navigation with a focus on the needs of their patients based on the National Kidney Foundation Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative; 4) the patient navigator combined with the enhanced MyChart.

The investigators hypothesize that a CKD Patient Navigator program will develop a more prepared, proactive patient-caregiver team than usual care; the enhanced PHR will produce a more informed, engaged patient than usual care; the CKD Patient Navigator arm and enhanced PHR will demonstrate a slower rate of decline in eGFR (glomerular filtration rate) than usual care.

The results of this study will lay the foundation for a larger multi-center national clinical trial that will build upon the feasibility and knowledge gained from this planning grant.

Description

The overall goal of this research is to assess the effects of innovative interventions for CKD on the decline in renal function among patients with CKD stages 3b or 4. First, a CKD Patient Navigator program was created, adapted from the use of Patient Navigators successfully in oncology. Second, an enhanced PHR was developed that uses electronic communication to disseminate CKD stage-specific goals of care and CKD education. Third, a randomized controlled trial is being conducted using a factorial design to investigate the clinical impact and cost-effectiveness of the two interventions - a CKD Patient Navigator and enhanced PHR compared to usual care for CKD Stage 3b/4 patients.

As a conceptual framework for the proposed study, the investigators are using the Chronic Care Model developed by Edward H. Wagner, M.D., Director of The MacColl Institute for Healthcare Innovation, Director of The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation national program "Improving Chronic Illness Care" and Senior Investigator at the Group Health Research Institute in Seattle. The model emphasizes a synergy between community, the health care system, technology and personal interactions to achieve optimal functional and clinical outcomes among people with chronic diseases. It has been adopted by the National Kidney Disease Education Program (NKDEP) to achieve many of their goals related to kidney disease.

With the help of the CKD registry, the investigators are recruiting patients from outpatient clinics at main campus and family health centers located in the surrounding Cleveland area. Patients are being recruited by a trained study coordinator. All patients are informed about study procedures and the purpose of the research, verbally and in a written informed consent document, two copies of which must be signed by both the patient and the study coordinator before enrollment. Upon enrollment, the patients will be provided with a $25 stipend.

The investigators identify from the CKD Registry and recruit eligible patients with CKD stage 3b (eGFR 30-44 ml/min/1.73 m2) or Stage 4 (eGFR 15-29 ml/min/1.73 m2) who meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The majority of data comes from the EHR derived CKD registry. The investigators obtain baseline demographic characteristics (age, gender, and race), comorbidities, and medication use, smoking status at the baseline visit. Further, CKD stage specific laboratory data will be collected routinely i.e., whether a laboratory parameter was measured or not and if measured, whether the laboratory measures and blood pressure are under the target limits. Details about nephrology, vascular access, and transplant referrals are obtained at baseline visit. The primary outcome of the study will be change in eGFR over the two-year study period.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Disease

Intervention

Enhanced MyChart, Patient Navigator, MyChart

Location

Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland
Ohio
United States
44195

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

The Cleveland Clinic

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-10-27T22:08:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

A severe irreversible decline in the ability of kidneys to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal failure, either acute (KIDNEY FAILURE, ACUTE) or chronic (KIDNEY FAILURE, CHRONIC), requires HEMODIALYSIS.

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