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Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Prostate Cancer Disparities

2015-02-27 23:38:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to further elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying prostate cancer disparities. In previous work the investigators have identified a set of differentially deregulated genes in African American versus Caucasian American prostate cancer. Based on these findings, they hypothesize that they will be able to validate these targets, originally identified in the previous work conducted at The George Washington University Medical Center, in an independent Duke University Medical Center cohort of prostate cancer specimens. In addition, the investigators hypothesize that they will be able to discover novel targets in the Duke University Medical Center cohort of prostate cancer specimens because of regional differences.

Description

Individual patient African American and Caucasian American prostate biopsy cores or surgical specimens will be obtained from the following procedures: transrectal ultrasound biopsy of the prostate (TRUSBxP), MR fusion biopsy, intra-operatively (IO) at the time of prostatectomy. Using cellular DNA and RNA, isolated from prostate cancer and patient-matched normal prostate biopsy cores or surgical specimens, the investigators will perform ancestral genotyping, exon arrays, targeted RNA sequencing, and epigenetic analyses. As controls, blood will also be collected. Genomic data from blood and tumor tissue will be compared.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Conditions

Prostate Cancer

Intervention

Biopsy or prostatectomy

Location

Duke University Medical Center
Durham
North Carolina
United States
27710

Status

Recruiting

Source

Duke University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-02-27T23:38:21-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Complete or partial surgical removal of the prostate. Three primary approaches are commonly employed: suprapubic - removal through an incision above the pubis and through the urinary bladder; retropubic - as for suprapubic but without entering the urinary bladder; and transurethral (TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE).

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Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.

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