Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The investigators hypothesize that there is liver injury (inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis) in adults with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), which is asymptomatic, under-recognized, and undiagnosed. In addition, the investigators believe that the genetic and environmental factors that play an important role in the development of alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) liver disease, can be identified by comparing a cohort database of clinical disease information to linked biospecimen and DNA samples.
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) is a genetic disorder resulting in a low level of a protein called alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT). This deficiency can cause life-threatening liver disease and/or lung disease at various ages. Some patients experience life-threatening liver disease in childhood or liver cancer as adults. There is no specific treatment for AAT related liver disease. Some patients develop emphysema as young adults, while some patients remain healthy throughout their lives. Differences in the environment or in other genes may explain such inconsistency in the disease.
The primary objective of this multi-center study is to assess the natural history of individuals with Pi-ZZ AAT deficiency, identify biomarkers for the progression of liver disease and construct a database capable of linking cohort data with repository biospecimens. The secondary objective is to analyze components of the demographic, social, and family history associated with more severe liver disease.
At least 100 adults with Pi-ZZ AATD will be enrolled in the study. At the time of enrollment, each participant will be assigned a unique study identification (ID) number. All participant information recorded and samples collected for the study will be saved by this unique number. All blood, tissue and genetic samples collected will be sent to a secured repository for future retrieval and study. The process of coding data and samples lessens the chances of a breach in confidentiality.
The study will examine the natural history of liver disease by recording each participant's family history, medical history, current health, physical exam, laboratory test results, and medical treatment(s). Participants will complete several brief research questionnaires about their physical and mental health, diet, alcohol intake, smoking and secondhand smoke, environmental and occupational (work) exposures. Procedures performed for the research include liver biopsy, FibroScan testing, and the collection of serum, plasma and blood for routine laboratory and genetic testing (Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPS cells), microRNA and DNA).
Participation in this study will last for 5 years and includes an enrollment visit and four annual follow-up visits. A liver biopsy is performed at enrollment and again in Year 5, to help the researchers learn what causes liver disease in some patients and how the liver disease progresses. Participants will be given copies of their routine laboratory test results and liver biopsy pathology reports to share with their primary care physician.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
University of California
St. Louis University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-04-03T08:38:22-0400
Patients with Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) will be enrolled to receive multiple doses of ARC-AAT Injection. All subjects will require a pre-dose biopsy and a biopsy post last dose...
The purpose of this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study is to evaluate the short-term safety of inhaled recombinant alpha 1-antitrypsin (rAAT) in subjects with alpha 1-antit...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Subcutaneously Administered ALN-AAT in Healthy Adult Subjects and Patients with...
This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of a recombinant adeno-associated virus vector expressing alpha-1 antitrypsin in patients with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency. Three groups...
Individuals with a deficiency of the Alpha 1-antitrypsin (AAT) protein are at risk for developing emphysema and liver damage. Researchers have developed a way to introduce normal AAT genes...
Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an uncommonly recognized cause of liver disease in adults. Descriptions of the natural history of liver disease are limited to case series and patient reported...
Augmentation with human alpha-1 proteinase inhibitor is the only specific treatment for Alpha-1-Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD), a rare genetic disease with symptoms of progressive COPD.
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency and hereditary hemochromatosis are systemic diseases inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. The primary manifestation of AAT is early-onset pulmonary disease...
We studied the characteristics of the screening procedure for alpha-1 antitrypsin at Nevers Hospital (France), together with the performance of serum protein gel electrophoresis for the fortuitous det...
Deficiency of the protease inhibitor ALPHA 1-ANTITRYPSIN, leading primarily to degradation of elastin of the alveolar walls, as well as other structural proteins of a variety of tissues. (From Scriver, Beaudet, Sly, & Valle, The Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease, 7th ed, p4125)
A trypsin-like enzyme of spermatozoa which is not inhibited by alpha 1 antitrypsin.
Plasma glycoprotein member of the serpin superfamily which inhibits TRYPSIN; NEUTROPHIL ELASTASE; and other PROTEOLYTIC ENZYMES.
Enzymes that catalyze the exohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glucosidic linkages with release of alpha-glucose. Deficiency of alpha-1,4-glucosidase may cause GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASE TYPE II.
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to a deficiency in expression of glycogen branching enzyme 1 (alpha-1,4-glucan-6-alpha-glucosyltransferase), resulting in an accumulation of abnormal GLYCOGEN with long outer branches. Clinical features are MUSCLE HYPOTONIA and CIRRHOSIS. Death from liver disease usually occurs before age 2.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...