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Tibial Nerve Versus Sciatic Nerve Block

2015-04-10 09:23:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to analyse the ability to selectively block the posterior tibial nerve sparing the function of the common peritoneal nerve. To assess the efficacy of blocking the posterior tibial nerve will give the same post-operative pain relief after total knee surgery compared to a sciatic nerve block.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Post Operative Analgesia

Intervention

Selective Tibial Nerve block, Sciatic Nerve Block

Location

Saint Francis Hospital and Medical Center
Hartford
Connecticut
United States
06105

Status

Completed

Source

Saint Francis Care

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-04-10T09:23:23-0400

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Selective Tibial Nerve Block vs Local Infiltration Analgesia After Prothetic Knee Surgery

Patient suffer from moderate posterior knee pain after TKA despite injection of local anesthetic around the femoral nerve (femoral nerve block). Indeed, the posterior part of the knee is i...

The Difference in Duration of Sciatic Nerve Block Between Diabetic and Non-diabetic Patients

This study aims to compare the sensory and motor block duration and the incidence of nerve injury after sciatic nerve block between diabetic and non-diabetic patients, and screen for the f...

Ultrasound-guided Sciatic Nerve Block in Below Knee Amputation Surgery

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Ultrasound Description of the Sciatic Nerve

Sciatic nerve blocks are frequently used for anesthesia or analgesia for surgery of the lower legs. Currently, if ultrasound is used to find the sciatic nerve, the leg must be raised to l...

Plasma Ropivacaine Concentrations After Sciatic Nerve Block in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

This prospective observational study aimed to examine the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine in patients with chronic kidney disease after sciatic nerve block. Sciatic nerve block for foot a...

PubMed Articles [11223 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Volume of ropivacaine 0.2% and sciatic nerve block duration:a randomised, blinded trial inhealthy volunteers.

Sciatic nerve blocks are used for many orthopaedic procedures on the knee, lower leg, foot and ankle.However, as nerve block durations vary considerably, timing of supplemental analgesia is challengin...

Intra- and inter-Individual variability in nerve block duration: A randomised cross-over trial in the common peroneal nerve of healthy volunteers.

The reported variation in nerve block duration is considerable. To individualise nerve block therapy, knowledge of the intra- versus inter-individual variability is essential. We investigated the rela...

Ultrasound-Guided Dorsal Penile Nerve Block vs Neurostimulator-Guided Pudendal Nerve Block in Children Undergoing Hypospadias Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-Blinded Trial.

Hypospadias is a common congenital malformation in pediatric patients. Surgical repair of this malformation is a painful procedure and has long-term effects. Pudendal and penile nerve blocks are commo...

Analgesic Impact of Single-Shot Versus Continuous Femoral Nerve Block After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Efficient pain management after total knee arthroplasty will accelerate functional recovery and reduce the length of hospital stay. The femoral nerve block is increasingly used in clinical practice ow...

Decreased Opioid Consumption and Length of Stay Using an IPACK and Adductor Canal Nerve Block Following Total Knee Arthroplasty.

Peripheral nerve blocks such as a femoral + sciatic block have demonstrated significant pain relief following TKA. However, these nerve blocks have residual motor deficits which prevent immediate ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nerve which originates in the lumbar and sacral spinal cord (L4 to S3) and supplies motor and sensory innervation to the lower extremity. The sciatic nerve, which is the main continuation of the sacral plexus, is the largest nerve in the body. It has two major branches, the TIBIAL NERVE and the PERONEAL NERVE.

Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.

Disease or damage involving the SCIATIC NERVE, which divides into the PERONEAL NERVE and TIBIAL NERVE (see also PERONEAL NEUROPATHIES and TIBIAL NEUROPATHY). Clinical manifestations may include SCIATICA or pain localized to the hip, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of posterior thigh muscles and muscles innervated by the peroneal and tibial nerves, and sensory loss involving the lateral and posterior thigh, posterior and lateral leg, and sole of the foot. The sciatic nerve may be affected by trauma; ISCHEMIA; COLLAGEN DISEASES; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1363)

The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.

Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.

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