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Patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) often present with fatigue, psychological and cognitive symptoms. Improvement in these symptoms after parathyroid adenomectomy (PTX) has been reported. But physicians lack a method to attribute the symptoms to pHPT and to predict the reversibility after PTX.
This study aims to evaluate short-term calcimimetic treatment as a tool for predicting the outcome of PTX on muscle strength, quality of life, psychological symptoms, and cognitive function in patients with pHPT.
Material and Methods: 118 patients scheduled for PTX at Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden, will have a four week treatment with calcimimetics (Mimpara®) before undergoing surgery. Biochemicals, muscle strength, quality of life, psychological symptoms and cognitive function will be analysed at baseline, after four week follow-up and postoperatively.
Hypothesis: The outcome of short-term calcimimetic treatment can predict the outcome of PTX on muscle strength, quality of life, psychological symptoms, and cognitive function in patients with pHPT
The study evaluates if short-term treatment with calcimimetics may be used for patients with PHPT as a relevant guide in the decision of when to choose parathyroid surgery, by predicting the outcome of surgical treatment.
120 ± 2 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism scheduled for parathyroid surgery will be included in the study after informed consent and will receive study medication with cinacalcet, Mimpara® 30 mgx1 for four weeks. In case of persistent hypercalcemia after two weeks of treatment with Mimpara® 30 mgx1, the dosage of Mimpara® will be increased to 60 mg daily. During the study drug treatment period, the patients will be followed closely at least once a week with clinical monitoring and control of serum ionized calcium, given the risk of side effects and hypocalcemia. If the concentration of ionized calcium in serum will decrease to a subnormal level (<1.15 mmol/l), the Mimpara® treatment will be discontinued temporarily and only reinserted in a lower dose (30 mg x 1) if the concentration of ionized calcium raises over 1.33 mmol/l. The size of the cohort has been decided after power estimations based on the results in study part A. Both groups will go through the test panel of self-rating scales described above at four occasions (Figure).
The Outcome to be registered are the changes from baseline to the end of the study medication period compared to the changes postoperatively, thus the changes between the Visit 2 to Visit 6 and the changes between Visit 2 and Visit 7 and Visit 8 respektively.
Assessments and Procedures Visit 1: Clinical examination (general condition, neck, blood pressure, cor et pulm). Screening of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism scheduled for parathyroid surgery. Patient that fulfills inclusion and exclusion criteria will be asked to participate in the study.
Visit 2: Informed consent is signed. Test panel of self rating scales (Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30), Positive States of Mind (PSOM )and Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HAD), cognitive test (Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA-Test)) and muscle strength (Timed stand test). Blood samples are drawn within 2 weeks before and analyzed for: parathyroid hormone (p-PTH), s-ionized calcium, p-total calcium, p-albumin, p-creatinine, p-phosphate, s-25-OH-D-vitamin and p-TSH. Initiation of treatment with Mimpara® 30 mg x 1. Clinical examination (general condition, blood pressure). For fertile women, a pregnancy test is demanded before enrollment.
Visit 3: Week 1 (± 2 days); blood samples for analysis of ionized calcium. History of symptoms related to hypocalcemia (paresthesias, cramps, muscle fatigue). Clinical examination when indicated (general condition, blood pressure).
Visit 4: Week 2 (± 2 days); blood samples for analysis of ionized calcium. History as above. Mimpara® continued, If the ionized calcium level is >1.33 mmol/l: increase of dosage of Mimpara® to 30 mg x 2.
Visit 5: Week 3 (± 2 days); blood samples for analysis of ionized calcium. History as above. Mimpara® treatment completed.
Visit 6 (3): Week 4 (± 2 weeks in study B); Test panel of self rating scales (QLQ-C30, PSOM and HAD), cognitive test (MoCA-Test) and muscle strength (Timed stand test). Blood samples are drawn and analyzed for: plasma (p)-PTH, serum(s)-ionized serum calcium, p-total calcium, p-albumin, p-creatinine, p-phosphate.
Visit 7 (4): Postoperative follow up, 6 (± 1 week) post surgery; Test panel of self rating scales (QLQ-C30, PSOM and HAD), cognitive test (MoCA-Test) and muscle strength (Timed stand test). Blood samples are drawn and analyzed for plasma p-PTH, s-ionized calcium, p-total calcium, p-albumin, p-creatinine, p-phosphate, s-25-OH-D-vitamin and p-TSH.
Visit 8 (5): Postoperatively, 6 months post surgery (± 3 weeks); Test panel of self rating scales (QLQ-C30, PSOM and HAD), cognitive test (MoCA-Test) and muscle strength (Timed stand test). Blood samples are drawn and analyzed for plasma (p)-PTH, s-ionized calcium, p-total calcium, p-albumin, p-creatinine, p-phosphate, s-25-OH-D-vitamin and p-TSH.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Cinacalcet, parathyroid adenomectomy
Karolinska University Hospital
Karolinska University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-04-17T11:53:25-0400
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A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE (or PTH) triggering responses that increase blood CALCIUM. It is characterized by HYPERCALCEMIA and BONE RESORPTION, eventually leading to bone diseases. PRIMARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is caused by parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM is increased PTH secretion in response to HYPOCALCEMIA, usually caused by chronic KIDNEY DISEASES.
A condition of abnormally elevated output of PARATHYROID HORMONE due to parathyroid HYPERPLASIA or PARATHYROID NEOPLASMS. It is characterized by the combination of HYPERCALCEMIA, phosphaturia, elevated renal 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis, and increased BONE RESORPTION.
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Pathological processes of the PARATHYROID GLANDS. They usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.
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