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Adolescents with cancer weigh multiple influences in medical decision-making, including their own best interest, the perceived wishes of family members, and the interpreted preferences of the health care team. Parents of children with cancer often describe themselves as trying to be a good parent in making decisions in the child's best interest. Adolescents with cancer often describe themselves as trying to be a good patient and good child in making decisions in accord with how they believe a good patient and good child would decide.
Among the challenges of caring for adolescents is the reality that the formative relational influences in adolescents' decision-making are both complex and unique due to adolescent patients' social networks and relational roles. Delineating adolescents' definitions of being a good patient, a good child, a good sibling, and a good friend may enable the care team to better understand the formative decisional influences relevant to adolescents with cancer. Expanding knowledge about the decision making constructs relevant to adolescents with cancer and recognizing the role of these social constructs in medical interactions has the potential for development of a comprehensive care model that methodically evaluates the self-assessed decision making influences and needs of adolescents at various stages in oncology care.
This qualitative construct-defining study represents an initial step in the development of enhanced interventions for improved psychosocial support in this vulnerable population.
- Describe the ways relationships and social interactions may factor into adolescent study participants' approach to decisions;
- By reports from adolescents with cancer, identify behaviors from members of the study participants' social network that would be helpful to adolescents in fulfilling their preferred role in medical decision-making and achieving the desired level of participation in medical decision-making;
- Identify adolescent participants' preferred role in medical decision making.
- Develop definitions of being a "good" patient, child, sibling, and friend from adolescent participant reports (will also welcome the study participant to self-declare any additional relational constructs they may wish to report);
- Describe how the adolescent study participant believes his or her "good" patient, child, sibling, and friend definition may have changed over time;
- Describe the self-assessed positive and negative aspects of trying to achieve the meanings of the "good" patient, child, sibling, and friend constructs from adolescent participant reports;
- Describe the actions of members of the study participant's social network which may help the study participant reach his/her definition of being a "good" patient, child, sibling, and friend.
Participants will participate in a one-time voice-recorded, face-to-face interview consisting of open-ended questions. Completion of the interview is expected to take less than one hour.
The qualitative interview consists of thirty open-ended questions for participants with no siblings and thirty-eight open-ended questions for participants who have siblings. Questions will be audio-recorded, face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interview format. Health information will also be collected from medical records.
Expected accrual is 100 participants, 50 at each participating site. Accrual will be halted when the study reaches qualitative theme saturation. For this study, saturation will occur when three consecutive interviews fail to raise a new theme.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Children's National Health System
District of Columbia
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-06-09T01:38:23-0400
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