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The Use of Point of Care Ultra Sound for Correct Placement of Central Venous Catheter

2015-06-16 03:08:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Central venous catheter (CVC) is an essential tool in the management of both medical and surgical patients. Establishing venous access is critically important and is sometimes technically challenging. Among the many indications for point of care ultrasound (POCUS), ultrasound-guided venous catheter placement is well described and increasingly used. This study was designed to evaluate the utility of peri procedural transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as a tool for positioning CVC and for ruling out complications.

Description

Central venous catheter (CVC) is an essential tool in the management of both medical and surgical patients. Establishing venous access is critically important and is sometimes technically challenging. Among the many indications for point of care ultrasound (POCUS), ultrasound-guided venous catheter placement is well described and increasingly used. This study was designed to evaluate the utility of peri procedural transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as a tool for positioning CVC and for ruling out complications.

The study population will be screened at the internal wards and medical intensive care unit of Soroka Medical Center.

Research candidates' files will be screened routinely by a study coordinator. The study population will be enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

The primary objective for the study is to evaluate whether the use of POCUS in CVC insertion can help inaccurate CVC tip placement, detect misplacement and complications and better than chest X ray.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Central Venous Catheter

Intervention

POC US

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Soroka University Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-06-16T03:08:22-0400

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Central venous access.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Placement of an intravenous catheter in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein for central venous pressure determination, chemotherapy, hemodialysis, or hyperalimentation.

The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.

Impaired venous blood flow or venous return (venous stasis), usually caused by inadequate venous valves. Venous insufficiency often occurs in the legs, and is associated with EDEMA and sometimes with VENOUS STASIS ULCERS at the ankle.

A vascular anomaly characterized by a radial or wedge-shaped arrangement of dilated VEINS draining into a larger vein in the brain, spinal cord, or the meninges. Veins in a venous angioma are surrounded by normal nervous tissue, unlike a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CAVERNOUS HEMANGIOMA that lacks intervening nervous tissue. Drainage of venous angioma is fully integrated with the body's venous system, therefore, in most cases there is no clinical signs and rare bleeding.

The pressure within the CARDIAC ATRIUM. It can be measured directly by using a pressure catheter (see HEART CATHETERIZATION). It can be also estimated using various imaging techniques or other pressure readings such as PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE (an estimate of left atrial pressure) and CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE (an estimate of right atrial pressure).

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