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Cases of traumatic and nontraumatic brain damage have high rates of morbidity and mortality. In this study of cases being treated in the ICU for a diagnosis of brain damage, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between mortality and the distribution of reason for and resulting type of brain damage and to determine other factors affecting mortality.
After local ethics committee approval, a total of 1004 patients treated in the ICU in a 2-year period were retrospectivly reviewed. 135 patients, determined with traumatic or nontraumatic brain damage, with a more than 24-hour stay in the ICU, included the study. Reasons for brain damage were determined as brain damage associated with pure head trauma (Group HT), head trauma accompanying general body trauma (Group HT+GBT) and spontaneous haemorrhage (Group SH). The type of brain damage was defined from the radiological diagnosis as subarachnoid haemorrhage, intracranial haemorrhage (ICH), subdural haematoma(SDH), epidural haematoma(EDH), skull fracture, brain contusion or a combination of these (COM).
Observational Model: Case-Crossover, Time Perspective: Retrospective
type of the brain injury, type of the brain injury, type of the brain injury, type of the brain injury, type of the brain injury, type of the brain injury
Istanbul Umraniye Education and Research Hospital
Umraniye Education and Research Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-06-19T04:38:21-0400
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Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
A form of acquired brain injury which occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
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