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Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-07-27T13:10:55-0400
Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) during pregnancy is a modifiable risk factor for poor maternal and fetal outcomes. The investigators propose a prospective observational study to assess th...
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious sleep disorder in which a person repeatedly stops breathing, or experiences shallow breathing for short periods of time during sleep. Daytime sle...
Evaluation of the effect of CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure ) treatment in PAH (pulmonary arterial hypertension) and CTEPH (chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension) patient...
The aim of the study is to test the hypothesis that treatment of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in patients with comorbid chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and/or heart failur...
The purpose of this study is to determine any sleep disordered breathing in veterans with Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) and compare it to healthy normal asymptomatic Gulf War veterans. This stud...
The prevalence of obese children with sleep disordered breathing (SDB) is increasing. Obesity and SDB are independent cardiovascular risk factors, of which arterial stiffness is an early sign. Pulse w...
Sleep-disordered breathing has a prevalence of 12% in the pediatric population. It represents a spectrum of disorders encompassing abnormalities of the upper airway that lead to sleep disruption, incl...
In this issue of Acta Physiologica, Ribon-Demars et al. report that exogenous oestradiol administration mitigates vascular oxidative stress and elevated blood pressure in an ovariectomized rat model ...
Sleep-disordered breathing has a spectrum of severity that spans from snoring and partial airway collapse with increased upper airway resistance, to complete upper airway obstruction with obstructive ...
Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence of high-risk factors for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in an orthodontic population of children. SDB is a spectrum of breathing disorders ranging from p...
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.