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Prevalence of Hospital Malnutrition in Adult Patients

2015-07-28 14:08:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Malnutrition of patients on admission to hospitals are estimated to be as high as 60%, although the prevalence varies between countries. The impact of malnutrition on patient recovery and discharge is severe, with extensive cost implications. This study aims to assess the prevalence of at risk for malnutrition among adult patients admitted to hospital across 3 countries on the African continent.

Description

The prevalence of malnutrition on admission to hospital varies between 15-60%. Knowing the extent of the problem and identifying at-risk patients should be a priority task since malnutrition is associated with increased hospital-related complications; longer length of stay, increased costs related to treatment and higher mortality. Post discharge, malnourished patients have also been linked to more frequent re-admissions, higher morbidity and mortality. Various screening tools are available, including the Nutrition Risk Screening-2002 recommended by European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism as the preferred screening tool for malnutrition in hospitals in Europe. ASPEN recommends a more comprehensive evaluation and diagnosis procedure. In South Africa, and the rest of Africa, nutritional screening is not routinely done and the investigators do not have any reliable national statistics indicating the extent of the problem. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition on admission to hospital and to identify the impact thereof on relevant outcomes. Two different internationally recognised tools will be used and validated for the African context. In this multi-country, multi-centre descriptive cross-sectional study 3 hospitals in South Africa, 1 in Ghana and 2 in Kenya will be included. Adult patients (n=400 per hospital) will be screened on admission and at discharge and relevant outcomes (in-hospital and 3-month post-discharge) will be charted. A 50% sub-sample will be used to validate the 2 instruments.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Malnutrition

Location

Tygerberg Hospital
Cape Town
Western Cape
South Africa

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Stellenbosch

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-07-28T14:08:21-0400

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Acute form of MALNUTRITION which usually affects children, characterized by a very low weight for height (below -3z scores of the median World Health Organization standards), visible severe wasting, or occurrence of nutritional EDEMA. It can be a direct or indirect cause of fatality in children suffering from DIARRHEA and PNEUMONIA. Do not confuse with starvation, a condition in which the body is not getting enough food, usually for extended periods of time.

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Decrease in the size of a cell, tissue, organ, or multiple organs, associated with a variety of pathological conditions such as abnormal cellular changes, ischemia, malnutrition, or hormonal changes.

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