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In western Kenya the prevalence of malaria in <5 year olds has fallen from 70% in 1997 to 40% in 2008, where it has now stagnated. Innovative approaches are needed to continue towards elimination. Ivermectin is a broad spectrum antiparasitic endectocide widely used for the control of onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis at a dose of 150-200 mcg/kg. Ivermectin at this dose has a potent, but short-lived effect for 6-11 days on mosquito survival, egg-laying, and parasite sporogony. Higher doses are needed to prolong its mosquitocidal effects. Previous studies have shown ivermectin is very well tolerated and safe even up to 2,000 mcg/kg. This dose finding study will evaluate the transmission blocking effect of high-dose ivermectin to define the optimal dose for future use of ivermectin in combination with artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for mass drug administration (MDA). It explores a research question of global relevance. A prolonged transmission blocking effect of ivermectin could have substantial consequences for malaria control in the next decades. The results are expected to inform national malaria control programs in malaria endemic countries, to inform WHO guidelines, and to contribute to the regulatory process.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
ivermectin, placebo, dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine
Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-07-30T14:38:23-0400
This is a community-based cluster-randomized trial in which a novel approach to interrupt residual malaria transmission by mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin (IVM) combined wit...
Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) is currently recommended by the World Health Organization for use as intermittent preventive treatment against malaria in pregnancy (IPTp) in areas of modera...
This is an observational safety and efficacy study on dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine in Timika, Indonesia with a 42 day follow up period.
Dihydroartemisinin- Piperaquine is not inferior to artemether-lumefantrine
This will be an open-label trial in Burkina Faso assessing the pharmacokinetics of the antimalarial combination of dihydroartemisinin/piperaquine (DP, Duocotexcin) in children. Dihydroarte...
Mass administration of antimalarial drugs and ivermectin are being considered as potential accelerators of malaria elimination. The safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and mosquito-lethal effects o...
Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is recommended for uncomplicated Plasmodium vivax malaria in areas of emerging chloroquine resistance. We undertook a systematic review and individual patie...
Endothelial cell (EC) tube formation is crucial for tumor angiogenesis, which becomes a target for chemotherapy. The anti-malaria agent dihydroartemisinin (DHA) inhibited tumor growth and angiogenesis...
Between half to one million people die annually from malaria. Anopheles gambiae mosquitos are major malaria vectors. Unfortunately, resistance to currently used A. gambiae control agents has emerged, ...
Artemisinin-piperaquine tablet (trade name Artequick, ATQ), is a novel combination therapy for the treatment of malaria and especially for resistant P.falciparum malaria. The aim of our study was to a...
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.
Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.
A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
A protozoan parasite that occurs naturally in the macaque. It is similar to PLASMODIUM VIVAX and produces a type of malaria similar to vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species has been found to give rise to both natural and experimental human infections.
Malaria is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. If malaria is not diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal. What causes malaria? Malaria is caused by a type of parasite known as Plasmodium. There are many different types of Plasmod...
Tropical Medicine is the study of diseases more commonly found in tropical regions than elsewhere. Examples of these diseases are malaria, yellow fever, Chagas disease, Dengue, Helminths, African trypanosomiasis, Leishmaniasis, Leprosy, Lymphatic filaria...
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...