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Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes With Vitamin D

2015-08-03 15:53:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The work plan will have the following S&T components. Component 1: Cross-sectional Study

Cross-sectional study will be of 1.5 years where 400 women from rural will be screened randomly for the vitamin D deficiency and its determinants including duration of sun exposure.

Component 2: Prospective Study

This open-label randomized placebo-controlled trial would be done in 150 pre-diabetic women with vitamin D deficiency. The women will be recruited from cross-sectional study, out patient department and health camps and they will be followed up for 2 years. The women will be randomized into two groups; lifestyle modification counseling along with intervention with either vitamin D or placebo. The levels of vitamin D and blood glucose will be assessed periodically (every 6 months). In those having recurrent vitamin D deficiency, the course of vitamin D will be repeated. At the end of the study, incidence of T2DM in both groups will be compared.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Prediabetes

Intervention

vitamin D, Placebo

Location

Fortis CDOC center of Excellence for Diabetes Obesity and Endocrinoogy, New Delhi, India
Delhi
India
110048

Status

Recruiting

Source

Diabetes Foundation, India

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-08-03T15:53:23-0400

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PubMed Articles [1965 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Vitamin D levels, Prediabetes Risk and HbA1c levels in Young Non-diabetic Saudi Women.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

OXIDOREDUCTASES which mediate vitamin K metabolism by converting inactive vitamin K 2,3-epoxide to active vitamin K.

A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

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