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Feasibility Evaluation of CPAP in the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Synchrone in the Acute Phase of Stroke

2015-08-14 19:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This project is focused on the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in the acute phase of stroke. Stroke is a frequent pathology with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Although it has now been proved that obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a risk factor of stroke, on the other hand, there is evidence that 50 to 70% of patients in the acute phase of stroke have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) based on an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of ≥ 10. OSA is associated with worse functional outcomes and higher mortality in the post-stroke period. Profound hemodynamic fluctuations and hypoxia generated by sleep apnea are likely to aggravate cerebral ischemia, particularly in the acute phase of stroke in the potentially reversible ischemic penumbra. Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) is the primary treatment for obstructive sleep apnea.

Yet, to our knowledge, there have been very few studies aimed at demonstrating the value of CPAP in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in the acute phase of stroke. Only one randomised trial has provided the means to document neurological improvement at mid term (1 month) in a targeted population.

Before undertaking a comparative study evaluating the efficacy of CPAP in the acute phase of ischemic stroke, it is worth evaluating the feasibility and tolerance of introducing CPAP at the very early stage of ischemic stroke. Therefore, the purpose of our study is to evaluate the feasibility of CPAP in the treatment of OSA in the acute phase of ischemic stroke.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

Intervention

CPAP

Location

CHU Saint-Etienne
Saint-Etienne
France
42055

Status

Completed

Source

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Saint Etienne

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-08-14T19:08:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)

Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.

HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.

Posterior displacement of the TONGUE toward the PHARYNX. It is often a feature in syndromes such as in PIERRE ROBIN SYNDROME and DOWN SYNDROME and associated with AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION during sleep (OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEAS).

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

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