The Effect of Acyl-Ghrelin on Kidney Function and Blood Pressure in Healthy Volunteers

2015-08-19 20:23:24 | BioPortfolio


Ghrelin (growth hormone release inducer) is produced in the stomach. The active form of Ghrelin is Acyl-Ghrelin. Acyl-Ghrelin stimulates the Ghrelin receptors. Ghrelin receptors are detected in the distal tubules in mice and animal studies have shown that Ghrelin increases the absorption of sodium in the renal tubules. Ghrelin infusion directly into the renal artery of rats increased sodium reabsorption in the distal nephron, presumably via the epithelial sodium channels (ENaC).

The purpose of the study is to measure the acyl-ghrelin induced effects on GFR, tubular transport of sodium and water in different nephron segments and central and peripheral blood pressure in a randomized, cross-over, single-blind, placebo-controlled dose-response study.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Basic Science


Renal Tubular Transport




Department of Medical Research, Regional Hospital Holstebro




Regional Hospital Holstebro

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-08-19T20:23:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Genetic defects in the selective or non-selective transport functions of the KIDNEY TUBULES.

A 28-amino acid, acylated, orexigenic peptide that is a ligand for GROWTH HORMONE SECRETAGOGUE RECEPTORS. Ghrelin is widely expressed but primarily in the stomach in the adults. Ghrelin acts centrally to stimulate growth hormone secretion and food intake, and peripherally to regulate energy homeostasis. Its large precursor protein, known as appetite-regulating hormone or motilin-related peptide, contains ghrelin and obestatin.

Transmembrane proteins that recognize and bind GHRELIN, a potent stimulator of GROWTH HORMONE secretion and food intake in mammals. Ghrelin receptors are found in the pituitary and HYPOTHALAMUS. They belong to the family of G-PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTORS.

The prototypical uricosuric agent. It inhibits the renal excretion of organic anions and reduces tubular reabsorption of urate. Probenecid has also been used to treat patients with renal impairment, and, because it reduces the renal tubular excretion of other drugs, has been used as an adjunct to antibacterial therapy.

A cytosolic carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme found widely distributed in cells of almost all tissues. Deficiencies of carbonic anhydrase II produce a syndrome characterized by OSTEOPETROSIS, renal tubular acidosis (ACIDOSIS, RENAL TUBULAR) and cerebral calcification. EC 4.2.1.-

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