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Cochlear Implantation for Treatment of Single-sided Deafness

2015-08-26 21:53:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a research study to determine whether a cochlear implantation (CI) device can improve hearing in people who are deaf in one ear (known as single-sided deafness).

Description

The goal of this study is to further investigate the role of CI in treating unilateral hearing loss and associated tinnitus. Single-sided deafness (SSD) afflicts approximately 60,000 new patients per year in the United States. The most common causes of these single-sided losses are sudden sensorineural hearing loss, Meniere's disease, trauma, and vestibular schwannoma. Patients with SSD face significant difficulty with communicating in the presence of background noise and in sound localization. Another significant problem for some SSD patients is tinnitus, which can be incapacitating and for which there are no therapies available that are considered to be of sufficient reliability to become a standard of care. Difficulty hearing in background noise and increased tinnitus can lead to significant frustration in social situations and contribute to increased isolation and a decreased quality of life. Treatment options for single sided deafness in the United States include contralateral routing of signals (CROS) hearing aids, bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA) and use of assistive devices to improve the signal-to-noise in group situations. The first two devices take sound from the affected ear and transmit it to the unaffected ear. The last device consists of having a speaker wear a microphone and routing the signal directly to the patient's ear at a louder listening level. Although these devices can improve speech understanding in some patients, studies have shown that use of these devices does not ameliorate tinnitus or sound localization difficulties. Recent European studies have demonstrated that cochlear implantation (CI) can provide significant improvements in both perceived hearing ability and measured speech comprehension and localization in adult and pediatric patients with unilateral hearing loss. This suggests that CI may be a more effective option for this patient population than the CROS, BAHA or assistive devices.

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Total Unilateral Deafness

Intervention

Med-el MAESTRO Cochlear Implant with Flex 28 electrode array

Location

Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02114

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-08-26T21:53:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.

Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.

Multi-channel hearing devices typically used for patients who have tumors on the COCHLEAR NERVE and are unable to benefit from COCHLEAR IMPLANTS after tumor surgery that severs the cochlear nerve. The device electrically stimulates the nerves of cochlea nucleus in the BRAIN STEM rather than the inner ear as in cochlear implants.

An electrochemical technique for measuring the current that flows in solution as a function of an applied voltage. The observed polarographic wave, resulting from the electrochemical response, depends on the way voltage is applied (linear sweep or differential pulse) and the type of electrode used. Usually a mercury drop electrode is used.

The 8th cranial nerve. The vestibulocochlear nerve has a cochlear part (COCHLEAR NERVE) which is concerned with hearing and a vestibular part (VESTIBULAR NERVE) which mediates the sense of balance and head position. The fibers of the cochlear nerve originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS). The fibers of the vestibular nerve arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI.

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