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Caphosol Study: Prevention of Oral Mucositis in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults Receiving Chemotherapy

2015-09-04 00:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine if the administration of Caphosol rinse, at the start of chemotherapy, will prevent the development of mucositis (greater than or equal to grade 2 in children, adolescents and young adults. This is a randomized, controlled trial.

Description

Oral mucositis, is a common and debilitating complication of cancer therapy. It is an inflammatory injury to the epithelial and sub-epithelial cells of the oral mucosa. The incidence and severity of oral mucositis depends on many factors including the age and diagnosis of the patient, the specific treatment regimen, underlying oral hygiene and genetic factors 2-4. This ranges from around 40% of patients getting chemotherapy for solid tumors to 70-90% of patients getting chemotherapy for before stem cell transplant.

Oral mucositis causes significant pain, interferes with eating, talking and swallowing, significantly diminishes enteral nutritional intake and has a substantial negative impact on quality of life. Patients may require hospitalization for management of the complications of mucositis, including poor nutrition, dehydration and pain. Injury to the oral mucosa also increases the risk of systemic infections. Finally, the development of oral mucositis may require delays or dose reductions in future chemotherapy courses, potentially jeopardizing disease cure rates.

Despite all that is known about the mechanism, course and complications of oral mucositis, there are no consensus guidelines on prevention or treatment of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis and there is significant variation on approach to mucositis across treatment centers.

Caphosol (Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Palo Alto, CA) was designed in part to replace the normal ionic and pH balance of the oral cavity and been used to prevent and/or treat oral mucositis. Caphosol is hypothesized to diffuse into epithelial intracellular spaces and permeate mucosal lesions in oral mucositis.

This study is a randomized, controlled trial evaluating the use of topical Caphosol therapy to prevent oral mucositis (Grade ≥ 2) in children, adolescents and young adults undergoing chemotherapy. At the time of enrollment, patients will be randomized to either the control arm or the Caphosol arm. The treatment period will extend from the start of chemotherapy and continue for 7 days after completion of chemotherapy AND until the ANC is > 500 after nadir (count recovery) or until the symptoms of oral mucositis resolve; whichever occurs last.

Study patients will be recruited from the MACC Fund Center and the oncology inpatient service. Study entry is open to patients regardless of gender or ethnic background. While there will be every effort to seek out and include females and minority patients, the patient population is expected to be no different than that of other oncology studies at the Medical College of Wisconsin.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Oral Mucositis

Intervention

Caphosol, Biotene

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Medical College of Wisconsin

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-09-04T00:08:24-0400

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