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Digoxin Short Term Treatment Assessment Randomized Trial in AHF

2015-09-10 01:53:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

AHFS management is challenging and most of the used drugs has failed to decrease post-discharge mortality and readmission rates which represent the most important goal in AHFS.

Digoxin processes many characteristics of a beneficial drug for heart failure, however recent publications has rose concerns about its safety profile and therefore decreasing its use.

Whether digoxin is efficient and safe in short term treatment of acute heart failure is a question that should be studied.

Description

AHFS management is challenging given the heterogeniety of the patient population, absence of a universally accepted definition, incomplete understanding of its pathophysiology, and lack of evidence based guidelines.

The majority of patients appear to respond well to initial therapies consisting of loop diuretics and vasoactive agents. however, this treatments failed to decrease post-discharge mortality and readmission rates which represent the most important goal in AHFS.

In the last few years, many drugs has been tested in AHFS setting trying to adress this issue, however results has been disappointing in term of efficacy and / or safety.

Although evidence supports the beneficial effects of digoxin on hemodynamic, neurohormonal, and electrophysiological parameters in patients with CHF, recent publications has rose concerns about its safety profile and therefore decreasing its use.

The effects of digoxin alone or in combination with other vasodilators are seen within few hours of its administration and result in increased cardiac output, decreased pulmonary wedge pressure, increased ejection fraction, and improved neurohormonal profile without changes in blood pressure.

All this findings made us rose the question of whether digoxin is effective or not in short term treatment of acute heart failure ?

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Heart Failure

Intervention

Digoxin

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Monastir

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-09-10T01:53:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A semisynthetic digitalis glycoside with the general properties of DIGOXIN but more rapid onset of action. Its cardiotonic action is prolonged by its demethylation to DIGOXIN in the liver. It has been used in the treatment of congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

Alpha- or beta-acetyl derivatives of DIGOXIN or lanatoside C from Digitalis lanata. They are better absorbed and longer acting than digoxin and are used in congestive heart failure.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.

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