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The Canadian Mitral Research Alliance (CAMRA-1) Trial

2015-09-18 04:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Multicentre, double-armed, randomized controlled trial designed to compare mitral valve leaflet resection versus leaflet preservation with regards to the development of functional mitral stenosis following surgical repair of mitral valve prolapse. Patients will be randomized (1:1) to receive: (1) mitral valve repair with a leaflet resection or (2) mitral valve repair with leaflet preservation (using polytetrafluoroethylene neochordae), followed by echocardiographic and clinical assessment at 12-months following surgery.

Description

Mitral valve repair has emerged as the preferred surgical treatment for mitral valve prolapse (MVP), a condition wherein the mitral valve does not close properly. One common strategy for mitral valve repair is leaflet resection, which involves removing part of one or both of the mitral leaflets that flop or bulge back (prolapse). Another strategy is leaflet preservation, which involves placing man-made fibers (sutures) to more securely connect the mitral leaflets to the papillary muscles (muscles located in the ventricle). While both strategies are routinely used and lead to successful mitral valve repair, there is no clear evidence as to whether one strategy is better than the other in terms of long term outcome. The purpose of this study is to determine if one repair strategy (leaflet resection versus leaflet preservation) leads to better longer term patient outcomes. A total of 88 patients from 3 Canadian centres will be randomly assigned to one of the two strategies. The primary outcome will be functional mitral stenosis (MS) as assessed by 12-month mean mitral valve pressure gradient at peak exercise.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Intervention

Mitral repair with leaflet preservation, Mitral repair with leaflet resection

Location

London Health Sciences Centre
London
Ontario
Canada
N6A 5W9

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-09-18T04:08:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

The reconstruction of a continuous two-stranded DNA molecule without mismatch from a molecule which contained damaged regions. The major repair mechanisms are excision repair, in which defective regions in one strand are excised and resynthesized using the complementary base pairing information in the intact strand; photoreactivation repair, in which the lethal and mutagenic effects of ultraviolet light are eliminated; and post-replication repair, in which the primary lesions are not repaired, but the gaps in one daughter duplex are filled in by incorporation of portions of the other (undamaged) daughter duplex. Excision repair and post-replication repair are sometimes referred to as "dark repair" because they do not require light.

Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.

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