Impact of COPD on Muscle Regeneration

2015-09-24 06:53:24 | BioPortfolio


Muscle weakness and atrophy are important consequences of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and can affect both respiratory and peripheral muscles. Impaired muscle regeneration is thought to be implicated in the process of muscle atrophy. In this study the investigators will evaluate muscle regenerative potential of the Vastus Lateralis (VL) and diaphragm of patients with COPD, compared to patients with normal lung function.


Preliminary results suggest that the activation and differentiation processes of satellite cells isolated from the VL of patients with COPD could be altered. The investigators propose to compare the regenerative potential of the VL and the diaphragm in 15 patients with COPD and 15 individuals with normal lung function undergoing a thoracic surgery. From muscle biopsies, satellite cells will be isolated and cultured to assess their proliferation and differentiation rates, and the expression level of myogenic effectors (MyoD, Myf5, myogenin, and MRF4). Alterations in these measurements will confirm the hypotheses that the regenerative potential is lower in both muscle groups in patients with COPD compared to controls and that in COPD, the regenerative potential is lower in VL compared to the diaphragm.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Crossover, Time Perspective: Prospective




Muscle biopsies


Active, not recruiting


Laval University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-09-24T06:53:24-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A mitochondrial encephalomyopathy characterized clinically by a mixed seizure disorder, myoclonus, progressive ataxia, spasticity, and a mild myopathy. Dysarthria, optic atrophy, growth retardation, deafness, and dementia may also occur. This condition tends to present in childhood and to be transmitted via maternal lineage. Muscle biopsies reveal ragged-red fibers and respiratory chain enzymatic defects. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p986)

A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.

A state arrived at through prolonged and strong contraction of a muscle. Studies in athletes during prolonged submaximal exercise have shown that muscle fatigue increases in almost direct proportion to the rate of muscle glycogen depletion. Muscle fatigue in short-term maximal exercise is associated with oxygen lack and an increased level of blood and muscle lactic acid, and an accompanying increase in hydrogen-ion concentration in the exercised muscle.

Continuous involuntary sustained muscle contraction which is often a manifestation of BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES. When an affected muscle is passively stretched, the degree of resistance remains constant regardless of the rate at which the muscle is stretched. This feature helps to distinguish rigidity from MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p73)

One of two types of muscle in the body, characterized by the array of bands observed under microscope. Striated muscles can be divided into two subtypes: the CARDIAC MUSCLE and the SKELETAL MUSCLE.

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