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This survey will investigate the views of people with progressive MS in terms of physiotherapy services. In particular the study will examine the proportion of people with progressive MS on the MS register who use physiotherapy services, how worthwhile they think it is for them and how they would like their physiotherapy to be delivered. This survey will also explore how physiotherapy services for people with progressive MS varies across the UK and what other types of rehabilitation services are currently used by people with progressive MS.
Multiple Sclerosis has three main forms: Relapsing Remitting MS (RRMS), Primary Progressive MS (PPMS) and Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS) as well as a rarer form called Progressive Relapsing MS (PRMS).
In cases of RRMS an individual will have periods of worsened symptoms followed by periods of remission. During remission the individual may make a full recovery or be left with some residual impairment. In both PPMS and SPMS an individual will have continuous worsening symptoms with a gradual increase in disability with little or no transient recovery. An individual with PRMS will have the continuous worsening of disability seen in both PPMS and SPMS coupled with occasional relapses as seen in RRMS.
Currently 15% of those with MS are diagnosed as PPMS, 5% are diagnosed with the rarer form of PRMS and approximately 80% are diagnosed with RRMS. However, approximately 65% of those with RRMS will go on to develop SPMS. This means that approximately 72% of all individuals with MS will be in a progressive phase of the disease at some point in their life.
Whilst there are disease modifying drugs available for those with RRMS there are currently limited pharmacological treatments available for those with the progressive forms of the disease. Physiotherapy and rehabilitation services are often used by people with progressive MS and access to these are part of the current NICE guidelines for the management of MS. Whilst physiotherapy and rehabilitation services are used by people with progressive MS there is currently no research investigating how many people with progressive MS use these services, who provides them, how they are delivered, how effective the recipient feels the treatment is and how they would like their service to be delivered. In addition the Progressive MS Alliance has highlighted progressive MS and symptom management and rehabilitation as an under-researched area.
The UK MS Register is funded by the MS Society and operated by the health informatics department within the College of Medicine at Swansea University. People with MS can sign up to the register and answer pre-set questionnaires online. The purpose of the Register is to be a longitudinal research database collecting routine data every three months as well as conducting individually commissioned cross sectional studies. It currently has over 11,000 members and over 2,200 of those registrants have a progressive form of MS. Not only is this is the first study with the UK MS register to focus on people with progressive forms of MS but also the first to focus on physiotherapy services.
This is a unique opportunity to access this patient group across a large geographical region and gain an insight into how physiotherapy and rehabilitation services are used, delivered and perceived. The outcome of this research has the potential to inform future physiotherapy interventions and rehabilitation guidelines.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Progressive Multiple Sclerosis
The University of Glasgow
University of Glasgow
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-09-25T07:23:22-0400
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A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
A rare central nervous system demyelinating condition affecting children and young adults. Pathologic findings include a large, sharply defined, asymmetric focus of myelin destruction that may involve an entire lobe or cerebral hemisphere. The clinical course tends to be progressive and includes dementia, cortical blindness, cortical deafness, spastic hemiplegia, and pseudobulbar palsy. Concentric sclerosis of Balo is differentiated from diffuse cerebral sclerosis of Schilder by the pathologic finding of alternating bands of destruction and preservation of myelin in concentric rings. Alpers' Syndrome refers to a heterogeneous group of diseases that feature progressive cerebral deterioration and liver disease. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p914; Dev Neurosci 1991;13(4-5):267-73)
Diseases characterized by a selective degeneration of the motor neurons of the spinal cord, brainstem, or motor cortex. Clinical subtypes are distinguished by the major site of degeneration. In AMYOTROPHIC LATERAL SCLEROSIS there is involvement of upper, lower, and brainstem motor neurons. In progressive muscular atrophy and related syndromes (see MUSCULAR ATROPHY, SPINAL) the motor neurons in the spinal cord are primarily affected. With progressive bulbar palsy (BULBAR PALSY, PROGRESSIVE), the initial degeneration occurs in the brainstem. In primary lateral sclerosis, the cortical neurons are affected in isolation. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
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