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Biomarkers for Postoperative Myocardial Infarction in Cardiac Surgery.

2015-10-07 09:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Myocardial infarction and subsequent myocardial injury after cardiac surgery occurs in 7-15% of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and is associated with an increased length of stay, and reduced short- and long-term survival. Cardiac troponin is considered to be a cornerstone in the diagnosis of a myocardial infarction. Heart-type Fatty Acid-Binding Protein (H-FABP) is a new sensitive biomarker for myocardial injury. The effectiveness of using the combination of H-FABP with Troponin to diagnose myocardial injury within 6 hours after the onset of ischemia is well reported. Previous studies in non-surgical patients have associated increased H-FABP with an increased risk of subsequent death and major cardiac events. The prognostic value in cardiac surgery patients has not been studied extensively.

The objective is to estimate the association between biomarkers of myocardial injury and myocardial infarction in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Myocardial infarction will be established with both a new and very early marker of myocardial injury (Heart-type Fatty Acid Binding Proteins) as well as to a known early marker of such injury (Cardiac troponin).

Description

Specific aims:

1. To obtain an estimate of the association between a new very early marker of postoperative myocardial injury H-FABP and postoperative myocardial infarction.

2. To obtain an estimate of the association between cTn-I and postoperative myocardial infarction.

3. To obtain an estimate of the correlation between H-FABP elevation and cTn-I elevation in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

UMC Utrecht

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-10-07T09:23:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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