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Ciguatera poisoning, caused by the ingestion of ciguatoxin-containing fish, is a global public health concern. In the US, the vast majority of ciguatera poisonings occur in Florida, followed by Hawaii and California. Equipoise exists in the medical literature regarding the effectiveness of mannitol therapy in treatment of ciguatera poisoning. While there are many case reports attesting to its utility, the only randomized control trial (RCT) comparing mannitol therapy with supportive care failed to show any significant benefit from mannitol treatment for a variety of clinical outcomes. Investigators therefore propose a second, larger RCT to test this question.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Not yet recruiting
University of South Florida
Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-10-08T09:53:21-0400
Mannitol is widely used in patients with elevated intracranial pressure. In neurosurgical field, especially in large size or with brain edema, it is necessary to decrease brain volume to f...
This is an observational study designed to research the effect of mannitol on the concentration of intraoperative serum potassium in patients undergoing craniotomy, and to guide the safe u...
Many cystic fibrosis patients die of lung failure caused by repeated lung infections from thick, sticky mucus. Past studies have shown Bronchitol inhalation may help to facilitate the cle...
The investigators' overall objective with this study is to determine performance characteristics of small intestine permeability measurement using 13C mannitol and 12C (regular) mannitol.
In this project we want to evaluate the effect of mannitol on graft function after renal transplantation. Due to the unclear situation regarding data of Mannitoleffect and lack of standard...
Mannitol is commonly used as a pharmaceutical excipient for tablets; the most widely used oral dosage form for drug delivery. For tableting, mannitol is provided in two different forms: native crystal...
The story of how we came to use inhaled mannitol to diagnose asthma and to treat cystic fibrosis began when we were looking for a surrogate for exercise as a stimulus to identify asthma. We had propos...
In vitro experiments were performed to determine whether auxin can mediate the formation of adventitious roots in response to heavy metal and drought stresses using a model rooting plant, mung bean [V...
Mannitol, an osmotic diuretic, has been used to prevent acute kidney injury (AKI). However, studies have found divergent effects of intraoperative mannitol administration on postoperative AKI. We ther...
Mannitol oxidase and polyol dehydrogenases are enzymes that convert polyalcohols into sugars. Mannitol oxidase was previously investigated in terrestrial snails and slugs, being also present in a few ...
Phosphoric acid esters of mannitol.
Sugar alcohol dehydrogenases that have specificity for MANNITOL. Enzymes in this category are generally classified according to their preference for a specific reducing cofactor.
A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.
Brominated analog of MANNITOL which is an antineoplastic agent appearing to act as an alkylating agent.
A mushroom, Ganoderma lucidum, of the POLYPORALES order of basidiomycetous fungi. It has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine in various forms. Contains STEROLS; COUMARINS; MANNITOL; POLYSACCHARIDES; and triterpenoids.
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