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Protocol for Staged Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Large Arteriovenous Malformations

2015-10-16 12:23:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Stereotactic radiosurgery is a well established treatment option for arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The potential complications related to radiosurgery are well documented and are predominately related to radiation effects to the surrounding brain parenchyma. These risks increase with larger lesions, requiring a concommitant reduction in the amount of radiation that can be delivered. This reduction in radiation dose decreases the efficacy of treatment. The broad, long-term objectives of this proposal are 1) to determine the role of fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery in the treatment of large (>10cc) AVMs; 2) to evaluate the complication rates related to fractionating these doses compared to conventional stereotactic treatment 3) to evaluate the success rate of treating large AVMs with this protocol.

Description

This research project will involve performing a preoperative MRI and angiogram on patients harboring an AVM to determine the feasibility of treating the lesion with gamma knife radiosurgery. Patient with lesions greater than 10 cc will be studied.

Each patient will have a Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with gadolinium and an angiogram immediately before each radiation treatment. If there is a contraindication for MRI examination (pacemaker or any other implanted ferromagnetic material), a CT angiogram will be obtained instead. Each treatment will be spaced at least 3 months apart. Follow-up MRIs or CT scans will be obtained at 6 month intervals. A follow-up angiogram will be obtained when there is radiographic evidence of complete occlusion based on the MRI images, or at 3 years after the procedure, whichever occurs first.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations (AVM)

Intervention

Fractionated stereotactic radiosurgery, Leskell gamma unit

Status

Completed

Source

New York University School of Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-10-16T12:23:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A radiological stereotactic technique developed for cutting or destroying tissue by high doses of radiation in place of surgical incisions. It was originally developed for neurosurgery on structures in the brain and its use gradually spread to radiation surgery on extracranial structures as well. The usual rigid needles or probes of stereotactic surgery are replaced with beams of ionizing radiation directed toward a target so as to achieve local tissue destruction.

A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.

Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.

A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES; or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.

A vessel that directly interconnects an artery and a vein, and that acts as a shunt to bypass the capillary bed. Not to be confused with surgical anastomosis, nor with arteriovenous fistula.

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