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GLP-1 on Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

2015-10-19 13:03:29 | BioPortfolio

Summary

We planned to evaluate the effects of liraglutide on left ventricular function in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).

Description

Patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) are a heterogeneous group with respect to the risk of having a major adverse cardiac event (MACE). Elevation of blood glucose is a common metabolic disorder among patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is associated with adverse prognosis. Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone that regulates plasma glucose. GLP-1 analogues have significant cardiovascular protective effects in patients with AMI. GLP-1 may have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, and protect endothelial function. Studies in conscious, chronically instrumented dogs demonstrated that GLP-1 infusion increases insulin sensitivity and myocardial glucose uptake in postischemic contractile dysfunction and dilated cardiomyopathy. Liraglutide, a GLP-1 analogue, was reported to reduce cardiac rupture and infarct size and improve cardiac output in normal and diabetic mice. Continuous infusion of GLP-1 (1.5 pmol/kg/min) has been shown to improve functional recovery in patients with AMI complicated by decreased left ventricular function GLP-1 could protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury and improve cardiac function in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, the effects of GLP-1 on NSTEMI patients remain unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of liraglutide on left ventricular function in patients with NSTEMI.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Myocardial Infarction

Intervention

GLP-1, Placebo

Location

PLA General Hospital
Beijing
Beijing
China
100853

Status

Recruiting

Source

Chinese PLA General Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-10-19T13:03:29-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the anterior wall of the heart is involved. Anterior wall myocardial infarction is often caused by occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. It can be categorized as anteroseptal or anterolateral wall myocardial infarction.

A myocardial infarction that does not produce elevations in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM. ST segment elevation of the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction).

A clinical syndrome defined by MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA symptoms; persistent elevation in the ST segments of the ELECTROCARDIOGRAM; and release of BIOMARKERS of myocardial NECROSIS (e.g., elevated TROPONIN levels). ST segment elevation in the ECG is often used in determining the treatment protocol (see also NON-ST ELEVATION MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).

MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION in which the inferior wall of the heart is involved. It is often caused by occlusion of the right coronary artery.

Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.

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