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Prevention of Respiratory Infections Among Children Under 3 Years of Age Attending Daycare Centres

2015-10-28 14:38:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of Primary and Secondary Prevention of Respiratory Infections in children up to 3 years-old attending daycare.

Description

Randomized controlled clinical trial including children up-to 3 years-old who attend daycare centres in O Porto.

To evaluate the Primary Prevention of Respiratory infections it was created and ministered to children's caregivers an education health session, regarding the prevention of respiratory infections of children, according to caregivers needs.

It is known that parental perceptions influence their behaviour in respect to the care of their unwell child. Sometimes misunderstandings occurred because parents' expressions of concern or requests for additional information were sometimes perceived as a challenge to the clinicians' diagnosis or treatment decision, which leads to unnecessary and unwanted prescribing of antibiotics. Health professionals should provide consistent information that promotes parental self-efficacy in the care of their unwell child.

To evaluate the Secondary Prevention of Respiratory Infections it was applied to children with signs of upper respiratory infections (rhinorrhea, cough and nasal obstruction) a nasal clearance protocol, developed by Guy Postiaux. This protocol consists on the application of physiological serum in the nostrils of the child, followed by forced nasal inspiration. The protocol is applied for 3 consecutive days, according to established criteria suggested by Postiaux. This intervention is indicated on Upper Respiratory Infections, such as rhinitis or rhinopharyngitis, with large amount of secretions in the upper airway and it is an effective adjuvant for medication. Forced nasal inspiration is able to create sufficient gas velocity to act on the pressure of the middle ear, through the eustachian tube, and may have an important role in the prevention of otitis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Respiratory Tract Infections

Intervention

Health education session, Nasal clearance Protocol, Control

Location

School of Allied Health Technologies of the Polytechnic Institute of Porto
Vila Nova de Gaia
Portugal
4400-330

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Polytechnic Institute of Porto

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-10-28T14:38:25-0400

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The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.

WHO regional office for the Americas acting as a coordinating agency for the improvement of health conditions in the hemisphere. The four main functions are: control or eradication of communicable diseases, strengthening of national and local health services, education and training, and research.

Education centers authorized by the Comprehensive Health Manpower Training Act, 1971, for the training of health personnel in areas where health needs are the greatest. May be used for centers other than those established by the United States act.

Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.

Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.

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