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GENESIS: Genetic Biopsy for Prediction of Surveillance Intervals After Endoscopic Resection of Colonic Polyps

2015-11-03 16:53:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Colorectal cancer ist the 2nd most leading cancer among men and women in germany. Screening colonoscopy has the potential to detect premalignant lesions. By endoscopical resection of these lesions, colorectal cancers could be avoided. The decision for surveillance is made according to patients medical history, amount and histological characteristics of the resected polyps. Molecular guided decisions are still missing. Thus, further tools and mechanisms, beyond but in addition to endoscopy and histopathological, are strongly required to reduce such interval carcinomas and get a better and deeper inside into molecular alterations which occurs in premalignant lesions in the colon and describe risk populations which might benefit from shorter surveillance strategies by colonoscopy. Therefore GENESIS will enroll 100 patients, which underwent screening colonoscopy with polyp ectomy. All biopsies were stored and processed without formalin in special boxes (PaxGene by Qiagen®). After microdissection of polyp tissue and isolation of DNA targeted next generation sequencing of 38 cancer-related genes followed by bioinformatics and systems biology analyses. The sequencing results were correlated to the endoscopical and histopathological findings. In parallel we are collecting EDTA-blood samples for analysis of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) to investigate the potential of liquid biopsies in premalignant colorectal lesions.

Description

Colorectal cancer ist the 2nd most leading cancer among men and women in germany. Screening colonoscopy is provided for all people over 55 years in germany to detect and remove precancerous lesions (polyps) and thereby prevent the occurence of colorectal cancers. According to the result of screening colonoscopy and histopathological examination of the removed polyps the next examination will be planned. But so called interval carcinomas were observed with increasing incidence. Thus, further tools and mechanisms, beyond but in addition to endoscopy and histopathology, are strongly required to reduce such interval carcinomas and get a better and deeper inside into molecular alterations which occurs in premalignant lesions in the colon and describe risk populations which might benefit from shorter surveillance strategies by colonoscopy. Therefore we will enroll 100 patients, which underwent screening colonoscopy with polyp ectomy. Each polyp, provided for endoscopical removal, well be biopsied and stored separately. In each case, diagnosis is ensured. Per patient a maximum of 6 biopsies (from 6 different polyps) is intended. All biopsies were stored and processed without formalin in special boxes (PaxGene by Qiagen®). After microdissection of polyp tissue and isolation of DNA targeted next generation sequencing of 38 genes (ACVR1B, DCC, MIER3, SLC9A9, AKT1, DMD, MLH1, SMAD2, APC, EP300, MSH2, SMAD4, ATM, ERBB2, MSH3, TCERG1, ATP6V0D2, FBXW7, MSH6, TCF7L2, BAX, FZD3, MYO1B, TGFBR2, BRAF, GPC6, NRAS, TP53, CASP8, KRAS, PIK3CA, WBSCR17, CDC27, MAP2K4, PIK3R1, CTNNB1, MAP7, PTPN12) followed by bioinformatics and systems biology analyses. The sequencing results were correlated to the endoscopical and histopathological findings. In parallel we are collecting EDTA-blood samples for analysis of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA). NGS targeted sequencing of these 38 genes should also be performed on cfDNA level to investigate the potential of liquid biopsies in premalignant colorectal lesions.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening

Conditions

Colonic Polyps

Intervention

Polypectomy and NGS

Location

Medical University Graz
Graz
Steiermark
Austria
8036

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Ulm

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-11-03T16:53:22-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Discrete tissue masses that protrude into the lumen of the COLON. These POLYPS are connected to the wall of the colon either by a stalk, pedunculus, or by a broad base.

A variant of ADENOMATOUS POLYPOSIS COLI caused by mutation in the APC gene (GENES, APC) on CHROMOSOME 5. It is characterized by not only the presence of multiple colonic polyposis but also extracolonic ADENOMATOUS POLYPS in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT; the EYE; the SKIN; the SKULL; and the FACIAL BONES; as well as malignancy in organs other than the GI tract.

Inflammation of the COLONIC DIVERTICULA, generally with abscess formation and subsequent perforation.

Chronic or recurrent colonic disorders without an identifiable structural or biochemical explanation. The widely recognized IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME falls into this category.

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