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Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation in Intermediate Risk Patients

2015-11-16 20:42:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The main objective of this project is to determine intermediate-term echocardiographic outcomes in Medicare eligible patients (65 years of age and older) with moderate surgical risk who have undergone mitral valve surgery for degenerative mitral regurgitation.

Description

Severe mitral regurgitation is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Mitral valve surgical repair has proven to be an effective and durable option in the treatment of symptomatic degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR).

Echocardiography remains a cornerstone in the evaluation of patients with degenerative (Type II) mitral regurgitation allowing for assessment of mitral anatomy, quantification of regurgitant severity, assessment of biventricular function, non-invasive measurement of pulmonary artery systolic pressures and identifying the presence of other valvular disease. The AHA/ACC Valvular Heart Disease Guidelines recommend the use of exercise echocardiography in the setting of mitral regurgitation to determine the degree of mitral regurgitation and pulmonary artery systolic pressures pre and post exercise in addition to an objective determination of the symptoms and exercise capacity.

Echocardiography (both resting and exercise modalities) is helpful in the post-mitral valve repair period in the assessment of the mitral valve gradient and recurrent mitral regurgitation. Symptomatic MR patients can have poor health-related quality of life (HRQOL) which improves and / or returns to comparable age-adjusted norms for reference populations after mitral valve repair or replacement.

To date, there is limited assessment of the degree of mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis, and exercise capacity following both surgical and percutaneous mitral valve intervention as measured by exercise echocardiography. We propose that this modality with the addition of novel imaging technologies will provide a robust avenue for the assessment of these patients longitudinally. Additionally, assessment of HRQOL, including both the physical and mental health domains, will provide important information with which to guide patient care after mitral valve surgery.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Mitral Valve Insufficiency

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Northwestern University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-11-16T20:42:44-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Backflow of blood from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the LEFT ATRIUM due to imperfect closure of the MITRAL VALVE. This can lead to mitral valve regurgitation.

Abnormal protrusion or billowing of one or both of the leaflets of MITRAL VALVE into the LEFT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into left atrium leading to MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS; or CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA.

A type of heart valve surgery that involves the repair, replacement, or reconstruction of the annulus of the MITRAL VALVE. It includes shortening the circumference of the annulus to improve valve closing capacity and reinforcing the annulus as a step in more complex valve repairs.

Narrowing of the passage through the MITRAL VALVE due to FIBROSIS, and CALCINOSIS in the leaflets and chordal areas. This elevates the left atrial pressure which, in turn, raises pulmonary venous and capillary pressure leading to bouts of DYSPNEA and TACHYCARDIA during physical exertion. RHEUMATIC FEVER is its primary cause.

Abnormal protrusion of one or more of the leaflets of TRICUSPID VALVE into the RIGHT ATRIUM during SYSTOLE. This allows the backflow of blood into right atrium leading to TRICUSPID VALVE INSUFFICIENCY; SYSTOLIC MURMURS. Its most common cause is not primary valve abnormality but rather the dilation of the RIGHT VENTRICLE and the tricuspid annulus.

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