Delirium at the Intensive Care Unit - a Retrospective Cohort Study

2015-11-15 19:35:51 | BioPortfolio


This project seeks to describe the incidence of delirium in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and to identify risk and preventive factors associated with development of delirium.

Especially, the investigators want to investigate if an imitated natural light/dark cycle influences frequency of delirium.


A common problem for patients in the ICU is episodes of delirium. Recent trials have described incidences ranging from 60-87% of patients in a number of different countries. Delirium is a condition with fluctuating conscience, disorganized thinking and disturbance of the sleep/wake cycle. Many patients with delirium experience hallucinations and agitation which can be very unpleasant for both patients and their families.

Some risk factors for the development of delirium well known, e.g. dementia, hypertension, illness severity (SAPS II score), delirium on the previous day, mechanical ventilation, emergency surgery and metabolic acidosis. The effect of sedative drug administration is not clear, as studies has been inconclusive.

Even though studies regarding the impact of sleep deprivation on development of delirium have been inconclusive, there is no doubt that delirious patients have a disturbed sleep-wake cycle, sleep architecture and circadian rhythm.

At the intensive care unit at the Department of Anesthesiology at Køge Hospital, three out of nine rooms have a simulated circadian light installed. The idea is that this light rhythm may help to keep a natural circadian rhythm, minimizing the risk of delirium.

With this descriptive and retrospective cohort study, the investigators therefore want to describe the incidence and possible risk- and preventive factors of delirium for the participants (ICU patients at Køge Hospital), and with a special focus on the possible effect of imitated circadian light..

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective




Køge Sygehus


Active, not recruiting


Roskilde County Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2015-11-15T19:35:51-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of DELIRIUM which occurs after GENERAL ANESTHESIA.

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Neurologic disorders occurring in children following lead exposure. The most frequent manifestation of childhood lead toxicity is an encephalopathy associated with chronic ingestion of lead that usually presents between the ages of 1 and 3 years. Clinical manifestations include behavioral changes followed by lethargy; CONVULSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; DELIRIUM; ATAXIA; and vomiting. Elevated intracranial pressure (HYPERTENSION, INTRACRANIAL) and CEREBRAL EDEMA may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1210-2)

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