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The purpose of the study is to assess the characteristics of parents who enroll in parenting interventions and to assess the utility and efficacy of a self-directed Triple-P intervention for parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer. The study aims to recruit parent(s) or primary caregiver of children with a diagnosis of cancer.Participants will be parents of children aged between 3-10 years who have had a diagnosis of cancer for 6 months or more. Recruitment will take place nationally via cancer voluntary groups/charities and other relevant organisations. The project will be advertised through these organisations and their various media outlets such as newsletters and social media pages (e.g. Facebook). All data collection will take place online. Following completion of the initial survey, parents will have the option to opt in to a case series whereby 10 parents will have the opportunity to receive the Triple P Every parents self- directed workbook to complete over 10 weeks.
The risk of developing cancer in childhood is around 1 in 500, with leukemia being the most common diagnosis. Eight out of ten children now survive for five years or more. Consequently, there is a growing need to support the survivors of cancer and their families post treatment, particularly in relation to psychosocial well-being. Despite some children achieving good psychological adjustment, there is an increasing recognition of emotional and behavioural problems in child cancer survivors. Children with cancer have shown significantly higher scores for hyperactivity/impulsivity, rule-breaking behaviours and aggressive behaviours when compared to healthy controls.
The Triple P - Positive Parenting Program is a successful treatment for emotional and behavioural difficulties designed to improve the quality of parenting advice available to parents through a multilevel system intervention. All forms of Triple P have shown to have moderate to large effects on parent reported child behaviours. More recently, self-directed Teen Triple P has been shown to be effective in reducing illness related conflict and behavioural problems in adolescents with type-1 diabetes.
There is emerging research addressing the predictors and barriers of parental enrolment and engagement to parenting programmes. Historically, factors studied in relation to participation and engagement have been limited in scope and often include socioeconomic disadvantage perceived need for help and rates of problem behaviours. Little is known about the parent factors associated with participation, particularly in a cancer population. Caring for a child with a chronic illness, such as cancer, typically causes significant and prolonged distress for parents. Whilst parental motivation has been shown to indicate engagement, stress and helplessness and increased negative life events have been linked to reduced efficacy and non- completion. However, there is a paucity of research indicating whether such factors affect enrolment for parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer.
A need for parenting information has been demonstrated by Williams et al who report that parents require information about parenting strategies particularly to manage challenging behaviours being exhibited by their child. In addition, at a local level, a survey undertaken with parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer attending the oncology service at the Royal Manchester Children's hospital has indicated a need for intervention, which is accessible and provides written support to parents for managing children's behavioural difficulties. The survey identified that 97% of parents believe parenting information should be given as a matter of routine following a child's diagnosis of cancer. Furthermore, parents reported a need for support with a range of behavioural difficulties, including tantrums and angry outbursts (43%). The purpose of the current study is to examine the predictors of parental enrollment to and pilot the efficacy of a self -directed version of the Triple P - Positive Parenting Program for parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer. Specifically the investigators aim to address whether a parent's experiences of their child's illness affects their ability to enroll to the study and whether Triple P is a suitably accessible intervention for parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer. Research suggests that interventions with minimal or no therapist or methods which promote self-regulation, such as written work books with self-directed exercises can be effectively employed to address child behaviour problems.To date, there have been no studies investigating self-directed measures to help parenting in the context of children with cancer. It is hoped the proposed project will determine the efficacy of this.
To investigate the predictors of enrolment to a self-directed Triple P- Positive Parenting Program for parents of children with a diagnosis of cancer aged 3 to 10 years. Specifically, testing whether parents' perceived distress and emotional resource (as measured by the Parents Experience of Child Illness Questionnaire, PECI), psychosocial risk factors (as measured by the Family Background questionnaire; FBQ), parenting style (as measured by the parenting style questionnaire; PS), parental confidence (as measured by the parenting sense of competency questionnaire; PSOC), number of behavioural difficulties (measured by the Royal Marsden Hospital Pediatric Oncology quality of life measure; RMH-PQLQ), quality of life (measured by RMH-PQLQ) and cancer diagnosis predict enrolment to the intervention.
To assess the effectiveness of a self-directed Triple-P Positive Parenting Program in:
1. Improving quality of life as measured by the Royal Marsden Hospital Paediatric Oncology Quality of Life Questionnaire (RMH-PQLQ) (Primary outcome).
2. Reducing behavioural difficulties as measured by the Royal Marsden Hospital Paediatric Oncology Quality of Life Inventory (RMH-PQLQ) Life Questionnaire (Q's 47-67) (Secondary Outcome).
3. Promoting change in parenting style and feelings about being a parent as measured by the Parenting Scale (PS) and Parent self -confidence as measured by the Parenting Sense of Competence Questionnaire (PSOC) (Secondary Outcome).
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Self-Directed Triple P
The University of Manchester
Not yet recruiting
University of Manchester
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-07T10:08:22-0500
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