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Adjuvant Low Dose Aspirin in Colorectal Cancer

2016-01-07 10:08:24 | BioPortfolio

Summary

ALASCCA is a randomized, parallel group, double blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, biomarker-based study of adjuvant treatment with low dose aspirin in patients with colorectal cancer. Hypothesis is that patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer and somatic mutations in PI3K pathway can significantly improve survival if treated with low dose aspirin.

Description

ALASCCA is a randomized, parallel group, double blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled, biomarker-based study of adjuvant treatment with low dose aspirin in colorectal cancer.

Patients (adult male and female) with colorectal cancer clinical stage I-III with localized disease are considered for the study. Patients will be screened for inclusion at the time of surgery of the tumor (at time of routine patient visit before elective surgery or postoperatively within 12 weeks in case of emergency procedure or if screening was missed preoperatively). After inclusion and when surgery is performed, patients with PIK3 mutations and stage II and III tumors will be randomized to receive 160 mg aspirin or placebo orally. Last date for randomization and start of treatment is 12 weeks postoperatively. The treatment can be administered alone or in combination with adjuvant chemotherapy. The choice of any adjuvant chemotherapy is made by the Investigator and should follow the guidelines in the National Care Program. The treatment will be administered for 3 years. There will be a follow-up period for two years. Outside the trial, the patient will be treated according to standard care at the site.

A phone contact will be made 3 months after the randomization visit and thereafter every 6th month. The patients will also visit the site 6 months after randomization and thereafter every 6th month i.e. the patients will be in contact with the site every 3rd month. There will also be a visit/phone contact at the end of the follow-up period.

A total of 3900 patients will be screened in order to include 408 patients with PIK3CA (Exon 9 and 20) mutated tumors in each treatment arm (Group A). With an estimated 20 % drop-out rate, 204 patients will be randomized in each arm. This also includes approximately 15 % of the patients that will be excluded due to tumor stage 1.

An additional 408 patients with mutations in other PI3K pathway genes PIK3CA (other than exon 9 and 20), PIK3R1 or PTEN will also be randomized in each arm and will be treated as a separate group in the analyses (Group B). With an estimated 20 % drop-out rate, 204 patients will be randomized in each arm.

The randomization process is expected to take 24 months. Patients already treated with ASA at inclusion will be included in an observation group.

An interim analysis will be made on safety i.e incidence and type of serious bleeding complication grade > 1 after 12 months. An independent safety data monitoring committee will be responsible for evaluating and follow-up of the safety.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

Acetylsalicylic acid, Placebo

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Karolinska Institutet

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-07T10:08:24-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

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