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The proposed study seeks to test the effect of a plant-based dietary intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in police officers.
This study tests the hypotheses that a low-fat, plant-based (vegan) diet improves body weight, plasma lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and, in individuals with type 2 diabetes, glycemic control, that a low-fat, plant-based diet improves health-related quality of life as measured by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36), and that a low-fat, plant-based diet improves mood, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised (CESD-R).
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Plant-based diet, Control Group
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
District of Columbia
Not yet recruiting
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-12T12:38:23-0500
This randomized, controlled trial aims to elucidate the mechanisms by which a plant-based dietary intervention causes weight loss. Using a low-fat, plant-based diet for 16 weeks, along wit...
This randomized, cross-over trial aims to assess changes in body weight, plasma lipids, insulin sensitivity, and postprandial metabolism with a low-fat, plant-based diet and a Mediterranea...
The effect of a diet free from animal-sourced nutrients on body composition in weight reduction programs is not well established. In this non-randomised free living interventional case-con...
The effect of a diet free from animal-sourced nutrients on a variety of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in weight reduction programs is not well established. In this non...
500 participants of the vegan/vegetarian congress VegMed are to be included, which should answer once (cross-sectional study) a medicine socio-behaviorist questionnaire on the topic "suppl...
People who avoid eating animals tend to share their homes with animal companions, and moral dilemma may arise when they are faced with feeding animal products to their omnivorous dogs and carnivorous ...
A healthful plant-based diet is associated with lower risk of cardiometabolic diseases. However, it is still unclear whether such benefits are due to its favorable effects on adiposity-associated biom...
The adverse effects of antibiotics have attracted widespread attention, thus reducing the use of antibiotics in animal feed has become a very important issue in improving of the health of livestock. T...
One-day-old broilers were randomly allocated to five treatment groups: basal diet and orally administered sterile saline (negative control, n-control); basal diet challenged with E. coli O78 (positive...
Leptin is an important factor regulating appetite and energety metabolism; disturbances in its signaling are related to adiposity and contribute to the excessive body fat. About a third of the human p...
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
A nutritional plan based on the presumed diet of pre-agricultural human ancestors. It consists mainly of MEAT, EGGS, NUTS, roots and fresh VEGETABLES and FRUITS, and excludes GRAIN, LEGUMES, DAIRY PRODUCTS, and refined DIETARY SUGARS.
An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.
A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...