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A Nutritional Intervention in Police Officers

2016-01-12 12:38:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The proposed study seeks to test the effect of a plant-based dietary intervention on cardiovascular risk factors in police officers.

Description

This study tests the hypotheses that a low-fat, plant-based (vegan) diet improves body weight, plasma lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and, in individuals with type 2 diabetes, glycemic control, that a low-fat, plant-based diet improves health-related quality of life as measured by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (SF-36), and that a low-fat, plant-based diet improves mood, as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale-Revised (CESD-R).

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Overweight

Intervention

Plant-based diet, Control Group

Location

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Washington
District of Columbia
United States
20016

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-01-12T12:38:23-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)

A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".

A nutritional plan based on the presumed diet of pre-agricultural human ancestors. It consists mainly of MEAT, EGGS, NUTS, roots and fresh VEGETABLES and FRUITS, and excludes GRAIN, LEGUMES, DAIRY PRODUCTS, and refined DIETARY SUGARS.

An approach to nutrition based on whole cereal grains, beans, cooked vegetables and the Chinese YIN-YANG principle. It advocates a diet consisting of organic and locally grown foods, seasonal vegetables, complex carbohydrates, and fewer fats, sugars, and chemically processed foods.

A diet that contains limited amounts of CARBOHYDRATES. This is in distinction to a regular DIET.

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